1 Guided Notes Chapter 21; the Cold War Begins Section 1: A Clash of Interests (pages ) A. After War, the United and the Union became, leading to an of and that from about to known as the. B. were with and wanted to future from. They wanted countries between and the Union to be Soviet. Soviets believed was to. They were of countries because they would to and eventually. C. Americans were with problems. and his advisers that growth would the world. American leaders a with for rights and enterprise to create.
2 II. The Yalta Conference (pages ) A. A of Roosevelt,, and Stalin at a Soviet on the Sea was to the world. Although the went, some made would become in causing the War. B. At, a was with Roosevelt and agreeing to the government set up by the. Stalin that the would include from the Polish before the. Stalin that elections would place in. C. During the at, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin the of Europe, giving the to their form of. D. It was at Yalta to Germany and into, with Britain, the United, the Union, and each a. It also that would for caused by the. For the next several, about these and economic in would become of the major of the War. E. Tensions when the Soviets did follow made at Yalta, which Soviet-American to.
3 F. Roosevelt and President Harry S became the President. III. Truman Takes Control (pages ) A. S Truman office, making it he would stand against to keep he during. B. In July, and met at near to work a deal Germany. Truman was heavy on Germany, that the would allow German to. Agreements were allowing the to take from their in Germany and a amount of German equipment from zones. Stalin was pleased with Truman s. Truman then Stalin of the tested bomb, Stalin to it was a to him to to the. Stalin, but. C. Other at did. The of of Europe was upheld, and the Soviet presence to -Soviet governments being in,,,, and. These countries of Europe became as the nations. Although they their
4 governments and were directly Soviet, they had to and Soviet policies. D. As began over Europe, Churchill s, the, was to the of the nations of Europe from the. Section 2 I. Containing Communism (pages ) A. As became impatient with the, the Department the American in to Soviet. On February 22,, diplomat George with the Telegram, a -word message explaining his of Soviet. In the, discussed and of the and it was to an. He a -term of Russian. This to Truman s of keeping its territory through,, and actions. B. After War, Soviet in northern, demanding to supplies. troops in Iran up a
5 government. The United States their and a U.S. the eastern. The Soviets from. C. On March, 1947, went before to $ million to Soviet in and. The became as the. Its was to the government and Soviet in. It the United to communism in the. D. Postwar Europe ruin and people. In June, of State George C. proposed the European Program called the Plan. The would European American to. The was an to fight,, and. The Union and its nations in Europe the offer and their economic. The Plan gave of dollars worth of,, and to Europe, the of and new markets.
6 II. The Berlin Crisis (pages ) A. By early, in to the Soviet to Germany s, the States, Great, and their in and in, which became Berlin, Germans to their government. The new became Germany with a from the zone, which eventually became as Germany. B. In June, Soviet troops all and traffic to Berlin, hoping to Americans to Germany s or give Berlin. In response, Truman long-range with weapons to in. Truman then the airlift. For months, planes Berliners with,, and. Stalin finally the on 12. C. With the of still, the American and supported American in a alliance with Europe. By 1949, the North Treaty ( ), a defense, was created with initially countries. The members to come to the of any who was.
7 D. The and its allowed Germany to join. Soviet responded with the of a in Europe known as the Pact. III. The Cold War Spreads to East Asia (pages ) A. The War spread to. B. In, forces and forces had been since the late. The had their during World War in an to. With the of World War, war broke again. The were after leadership the United States to sending. In October, Communists up the of. C. In early, the People s of China and the Union a of and. D. The United States was to Communist of the Nations while from to their. E. When the States as its in, it policies to the quick of industrial. The saw as its
8 in. IV. The Korean War (pages ) A. At the of World War, and forces to troops stationed. The at the parallel of. Soviet the and up a government. American troops the with an American- government. The gave to the, resulting in an. On 25, 1950, Korean troops Korea. B. Truman the to against the of Korea. American,, and Korean troops back Korean. C. The government the troops as a and that they. After being, began a attack with of of troops across the, forces. D. General demanded to the against. Truman
9 MacArthur s. MacArthur was after the. Truman was to war, a to a objective such as. E. By 1951 forces had and North back the parallel. An was July. F. The War was an turning in the War. Instead of using pressure and aid to communism, the States a major. The Korean the War Europe and. Section 3 I. A New Red Scare (pages ) A. During the, and of in the United led to that were to take the. The began in September, and into a general of Communist an to secretly a and its government. B. In early, Truman the review program to all employees for their. The program s was to
10 Americans. Instead, it to the that were the. C. Director. Edgar went to the Un- American Committee ( ) to them to public on Communist. Under leadership, the sent agents to suspected and to thousands of. D. In 1948 magazine editor Chambers before that government were also Communists or. The most among these was and Alger. Hiss had in Roosevelt s, the conference, and with the of the. Hiss the, but he was of committing, or under. E. The for intensified when the Union an bomb. Fuchs, a scientist, giving to the Soviet Union. This to the of and, a New York who were of the Party and were with heading a ring. Although many believed the Rosenbergs were not guilty, the couple was executed in June. F. In American cracked the spy, them to messages between
11 and the United States. This did become knowledge until when the revealed Project existence. It provided evidence against the. G. The government set the for many and governments,,,, and to start finding. II. A Conspiracy So Immense (pages ) A. In, with the Union an bomb and falling to, Americans they were the Cold. Americans to that were the government. Senator Joseph R., in a speech, stated that had a of Communists in the department. B. McCarthy the race after his of being a. He Party of and of Communists. Others made similar, causing to begin to them. C. Congress the Security Act or Act in The made it to,, or agree with other to any which would contribute to... the of a government.
12 D. Senator Joseph R. became the of the Senate on. His turned into a hunt as he for based on evidence and. He ruined without evidence. This became known as. E. In Americans watched -McCarthy and saw how attacked, and his faded. Finally, an lawyer named Joseph stood to. Later that, the passed a vote of, or formal, against McCarthy. III. Life During the Early Cold War (pages ) A. Communism and the of the atomic life for Americans and their in the 1950s. B. The of an atomic against the United States Americans to for a attack. Although Americans to themselves, experts that for person instantly by a blast, more would later from, the left after the. Some built in their and them with food. C. The 1950s was a of great. Images of the War in and popular. Along with these of and, the
13 country postwar and. Section 4 I. Eisenhower s New Look (pages ) A. The election of placed candidate Adlai against Dwight D.. Eisenhower, the who organized the invasion, was a. Eisenhower by a. B. Eisenhower the to the Cold was through a and a strong. Eisenhower a war would be and would the. He the use of atomic was. Eisenhower the United States a New in its policy. C. Eisenhower to war from in the place. A called retaliation was to the of nuclear on any state that tried to territory through. This in a in military and an in America s nuclear. D. New brought the bomber, which could across and
14 bombs in the world. Intercontinental missiles and capable of nuclear were also. E. Americans that the had developed their nuclear. On October, 1957, the launched, the first satellite to the earth. The Americans they were in missile. F. The year, Congress the National and Administration ( ) and also the Act ( ). II. Brinkmanship In Action (pages ) A. President Eisenhower s to nuclear to maintain some people. Critics that, the to to to the side to back, was too. B. The War with the signing of an in This after had gone to the and to use nuclear. The line became the between Korea and Korea. Although there was, it had communism from.
15 C. In 1954 threatened to take two of the from the. Eisenhower the use of weapons if China to. China. D. Eisenhower to nations in the East from with the Soviet. To gain, the United States to help the of a on the River for. Congress the United States to the. took of the Canal to its to for the. and troops responded by the Canal. Soviets threatened attacks on and. Eisenhower American forces on, and through American the and called their. III. Fighting Communism Covertly (pages ) A. would work in, and it could Communists from within countries. To this, used, or hidden, conducted by the Intelligence Agency ( ).
16 B. The operations took in nations, or those with mostly economies. In of these countries, felt and American were the of their. C. Two of operations that achieved American took place in and in the 1950s. D. operations did always work. After Stalin, Nikita became the leader of the Soviet Union in. He delivered a speech to Soviet, which the to Eastern. Eastern Europeans, by Communist, staged, and a full- took place in. Soviet entered, the of, and the. IV. Continuing Tensions (page 680) A. and leader agreed to a in in order to relations. Khrushchev the after the Soviets down an American plane by Gary. B. In his address, Eisenhower Americans to be on guard the of a
17 - complex in a. It was a relationship between the establishment and the industry.