THE STRYKER BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM INFANTRY BATTALION RECONNAISSANCE PLATOON

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1 FM THE STRYKER BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM INFANTRY BATTALION RECONNAISSANCE PLATOON HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

2 FIELD MANUAL NO HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON, DC, THE STRYKER BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM INFANTRY BATTALION RECONNAISSANCE PLATOON CONTENTS PREFACE... vii CHAPTER 1. OVERVIEW OF THE SBCT INFANTRY BATTALION RECONNAISSANCE PLATOON Section I. Capabilities, Limitations, Organization, and Responsibilities Capabilities Limitations Organization Reconnaissance Sections and Teams Dismounted Organizations Mounted Organizations Responsibilities Section II. Combat Power and Considerations for Employment and Training Combat Power Considerations for Employment Training Considerations CHAPTER 2. BATTLE COMMAND AND TROOP-LEADING PROCEDURES Section I. Command and Control Leadership Mission-Oriented Command and Control Section II. Plans and Orders Mission Statement Combat Orders Section III Troop-Leading Procedures and Techniques Receive the Mission Issue a Warning Order Make a Tentative Plan Initiate Movement Conduct Reconnaissance DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. i

3 FM Complete the Plan Issue the Operations Order Supervise and Refine CHAPTER 3. MOVEMENT 3-1. Navigation and Route Planning Movement Formations Movement Techniques Actions on Contact Actions at Danger Areas Infiltration Exfiltration CHAPTER 4. RECONNAISSANCE Section I. Purpose and Fundamentals Orient on the Reconnaissance Objective Maintain Tempo and Focus Report All Information Rapidly and Accurately Retain Freedom to Maneuver Establish and Maintain Enemy Contact Develop Situation Rapidly Acquire All Required Information Avoid Detection Employ Security Measures Utilize Sensory Techniques Section II. Planning Planning, Methods, and Employment of Reconnaissance Forces Reconnaissance Methods Rehearsals Essential Planning Considerations Section III. Reconnaissance and Surveillance Handover Reason for Reconnaissance and Surveillance Handover Additional Missions Digital Systems Section IV. Area Reconnaissance Tasks Mounted Techniques Dismounted Techniques Objective Rally Point Leader's Reconnaissance Actions at the Objective Withdrawal and Dissemination of Information Section V. Zone Reconnaissance Tasks Mounted Reconnaissance Techniques ii

4 FM Dismounted Zone Reconnaissance Techniques Dismounted Reconnaissance Methods Section VI. Route Reconnaissance Purpose Organization Stealth and Speed Movement near Roads Engineer Support Route Reconnaissance Overlay Employment Considerations Key Tasks Techniques Section VII. Urban Reconnaissance Employ Dismounted Surveillance Teams Urban Patrolling Assessment of the Area of Operations End State Section VIII. Reconnaissance of Obstacles and Restrictions Types of Obstacles and Restrictions Tasks Elements of Obstacle Reconnaissance CHAPTER 5. SECURITY OPERATIONS Section I. Purpose and Fundamentals Purpose Fundamentals Planning Considerations Section II. Screening Missions Fundamentals Sequencing and Prioritization Surveillance Techniques Counterreconnaissance Techniques Section III. Area Security Operations High-Value Targets Convoy and Route Security Section IV. Observation Post Employment Critical Tasks Types of Observation Posts Observation Post Positions Observation Post Site Selection Occupation of the Observation Post Manning the Observation Post Position Improvement Communications Observation Post Security Active Patrolling iii

5 FM Extended Observation Posts Section V. Construction Techniques Dirt Removal Natural Vegetation Sidewall Support Observation Post Kits Section VI. Observation Post Employment in Operational Environments Urban Environment Mountainous Environment Types of Ground Observation Posts Checkpoints, Roadblocks, and Observations Posts CHAPTER 6. URBAN ENVIRONMENT Section I. Understanding the Urban Environment Definitions Characteristics of the Urban Environment Section II. Planning Collect and Analyze Existing Intelligence Develop the Plan Section III. Execution Approach the Urban Area of Operations Employ Dismounted Surveillance Teams Conduct Reconnaissance Assess the Area of Operations End State Section IV. Combat Multipliers Armored Vehicles Engineers Attack Helicopters Antiarmor Weapons Sniper Employment Considerations CHAPTER 7. TACTICAL ENABLING OPERATIONS 7-1. Linkup Operations Passage of Lines Relief in Place Stay-Behind Operations Air Assault Operations Assembly Area Operations CHAPTER 8. COMBAT SUPPORT Section I. Fire Support Fire Planning Linking Fire Support Tasks and Maneuver Purpose iv

6 FM Section II. Indirect Fire Support Fire-Planning Process Call for Fire Adjust Fire Mortar Support Field Artillery Support Fire Direction Assets Fire Request Channels Close Air Support Attack Helicopters Section III. Combat Engineer Support Medium Engineer Company Engineer Missions Mobility Countermobility Survivability Reconnaissance Operations Section IV. Air Defense Systems, Organization, and Capabilities Employment of Air Defense Systems Weapons Control Status Early Warning Procedures Reaction Procedures Section V. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Support Reconnaissance Support Decontamination Support CHAPTER 9. COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT 9-1. Organization Individual Responsibilities Planning Considerations Resupply Operations Aerial Sustainment Soldier s Load Combat Load and Basic Load Maintenance Recovery and Destruction Evacuation Procedures Administration Medical Support Prisoners of War CHAPTER 10. PATROLLING Section I. General Organization Initial Planning v

7 FM Completion of the Plan Depart from Friendly Lines Patrol Bases Rally Points Leader s Reconnaissance Reentry of Friendly Lines Debrief Section II. Types of Patrols Reconnaissance Patrol Combat Patrol Presence Patrol APPENDIX A. RECONNAISSANCE OVERLAYS, SYMBOLS, AND FORMULAS... A-1 APPENDIX B. LIMITED VISIBILITY OPERATIONS...B-1 APPENDIX C. RISK MANAGEMENT...C-1 APPENDIX D. FRATRICIDE AVOIDANCE... D-1 APPENDIX E. NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, OR CHEMICAL ENVIRONMENT OPERATIONS...E-1 APPENDIX F. JAVELIN EMPLOYMENT...F-1 APPENDIX G. M240B MACHINE GUN AND M249 SAW EMPLOYMENT... G-1 GLOSSARY...Glossary-1 REFERENCES... References-1 INDEX... Index-1 vi

8 FM (FM 7-4) PREFACE This manual is based on the premise that although the unit organization, weapon systems, and conditions have changed, section and platoon maneuver, movement, reconnaissance, and surveillance have not. This manual describes the doctrinal and tactical employment principles for the Stryker reconnaissance vehicle (RV)-equipped infantry battalion reconnaissance platoon, which is an element of the Stryker brigade combat team (SBCT). It provides emerging doctrine, tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) for the SBCT infantry battalion reconnaissance platoon and its teams and sections. This manual provides the platoon and team leaders with tactics, techniques, and procedures to exploit reconnaissance platoon capabilities through situational understanding (SU), which will reduce vulnerabilities and enable the parent unit to obtain the required information to defeat the enemy on the battlefield. Although this manual reemphasizes critical information from other manuals, the user must continue to refer to other manuals for in-depth discussions of particular subjects. Although this manual does not implement any international agreements, the material presented herein is in accordance with related international agreements. The proponent of this publication is the US Army Infantry School. Send comments and recommendations to or on DA Form 2028 directly to Commandant, US Army Infantry School, ATTN: ATSH-ATD, Fort Benning, Georgia Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men. vii

9 FM (7-4) CHAPTER 1 OVERVIEW OF THE SBCT INFANTRY BATTALION RECONNAISSANCE PLATOON The Stryker brigade combat team (SBCT) infantry battalion's primary mission is to close with and destroy the enemy during full-spectrum operations through close, violent combat. The SBCT infantry battalion is capable of accomplishing all missions historically identified with the infantry and is organized and equipped to conduct operations in restricted and urban terrain. The battalion, as part of the SBCT, deploys rapidly, executes early-entry operations, and conducts effective combat operations immediately upon arrival to prevent, contain, stabilize, or resolve a conflict The infantry battalion reconnaissance platoon is comprised of handpicked, highly motivated, expert infantry soldiers and serves as the forward EYES AND EARS for the battalion commander. The primary mission of the reconnaissance platoon is to conduct reconnaissance and surveillance in support of the battalion commander s intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) operation to determine enemy composition and disposition along named areas of interest. The commander and his staff use this information during the planning and execution of combat operations. Section I. CAPABILITIES, LIMITATIONS, ORGANIZATION, AND RESPONSIBILITIES The mission of the infantry is to close with the enemy by means of fire and movement to defeat him, capture him, or repel his assault by fire, close combat, or counterattack. The reconnaissance platoon is organized, equipped, and trained to conduct reconnaissance, surveillance, and limited security missions for its parent battalion. The platoon's primary mission is to provide battlefield information and assist in the tactical control, movement, and positioning of the battalion's companies and platoons. Its organization enables the platoon to conduct both mounted and dismounted reconnaissance tasks simultaneously. It provides the battalion commander with the ability to reconnoiter throughout his battalion s battle space. To ensure understanding, the following definitions apply: Reconnaissance is a mission undertaken to obtain, by visual observation or other detection methods, information about the activities and resources of an enemy or potential enemy or to secure data concerning the meteorological, hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of a particular area. Security operations are designed to provide reaction time, maneuver space, and protection to the main body CAPABILITIES The reconnaissance platoon's vehicles and design parameters provide it with the ability to maintain "eyes on" four to six named areas of interest (NAIs). The SBCT infantry battalion reconnaissance platoon can also accomplish the following: 1-1

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