1 Shaping the future of health research funding: Trends, issues, opportunities Ryerson University June, 2012 Dr. Joy Johnson Scientific Director CIHR Institute of Gender and Health
2 What is CIHR? One of three federal research granting councils in Canada Tri-Council NSERC SSHRC CIHR Natural sciences and engineering Social sciences and humanities Health
3 CIHR s Mandate To excel, according to internationally accepted standards of scientific excellence, in the creation of new knowledge and its translation into improved health for Canadians, more effective health services and products and a strengthened Canadian health care system CIHR is: Supporting nearly 13,000 researchers and trainees at over 250 universities, teaching hospitals, and research institutes across Canada Addressing health and health system research priorities, including those outlined in CIHR s strategic plan Facilitating the translation of health research findings into policy and practice Fostering commercialization, moving research discoveries from academic settings to the marketplace
4 CIHR s 13 Institutes
5 CIHR Annual Appropriations
6 CIHR Funding Process: Open and Strategic
7 Funding by Program Type vs Including CRC, CECR, and NCE ($Millions) Strategic Initiatives $18 Other Grants $6 NCE $21 Operating Expenditures $14 Open Competitions $251 $310 Open Competitions $251 $984 Knowledge Synthesis and Exchange Other Grants $18 $5 CIHR Strategic $75 Multi-Inst. Strategic $35 Institute Strategic $120 Institute Support $13 CECR $4 NCE $29 Ethics $2 Open Competitions $540 Operating Expenditures $ CRC $ Strategic Initiatives figure includes all grants and awards expenditures excluding open competitions. See MRC/CIHR Expenditure data notes. 7
8 Expenditures Research Theme Grants and Awards Funding Excluding CRC, CECR, and NCE ($Millions) $500 $400 Research Theme Funding Funding Percentage of Total Funding Percentage of Total Funding Biomedical $87.8 $ % 57.3% Clinical $13.2 $ % 15.6% $300 Health Systems/Services $0.7 $ % 6.9% $200 Social/Cultural/ Environmental/ Population Health $2.6 $ % 11.2% Not Specified $170.8 $ % 9.1% $100 $0 Biomedical Clinical Health systems/services S/C/E/Population Health Not Specified Primary Theme Figures include grants/awards for which the applicant selected the given theme as the primary theme. See MRC/CIHR Expenditure data notes. 8
9 Challenges Facing Health Research Funding 9
10 Responses to These Challenges As part of the commitments made in CIHR s second strategic plan, Health Research Roadmap: Creating innovative research for better health and health care, CIHR has begun designing a new Open Suite of Programs and peer review system. 10
11 The Rationale As the major federal funder of health research in Canada, CIHR must: 1. Meet the requirements of its broad mandate to support the creation and translation of health research across all domains; 2. Ensure the long-term sustainability of its contributions to the health research enterprise; and 3. Maintain Canada s competitiveness in today s knowledge-based economy. 11
12 The Architecture New Open Suite of Programs will be structured into two separate, complimentary funding schemes: Foundation/Programmatic Research Scheme Project Scheme CIHR s direct training programs will continue to be a part of its new investigator-initiated funding strategy. 12
13 The Architecture The Foundation/Programmatic Research Scheme is about funding people, and will include two streams - one for new/early career investigators and one for seasoned investigators. Today, there is a cadre of researchers who are consistently successful - we want them to spend less time writing grants and spend more time doing research and translating their results. This Scheme will provide longer-term support to investigators with a demonstrated track record of success. We want provide freedom to create, change, and redirect research efforts as required. The assessment criteria in this scheme would be based on the caliber of the applicant and their vision for their program of research. 13
14 The Architecture The Project Scheme is about funding ideas, and will provide support for projects with a defined beginning, middle and end. Today, there are both real and perceived barriers in CIHR s programming which limit certain types of ideas. We want to reduce and remove these barriers and to ensure that there are opportunities for all types of researchers to bring forward proposals from all areas of health research. The assessment criteria in this scheme would be based on the quality and originality of the idea. 14
15 The Architecture CIHR is in the process of modeling different scenarios Our principle is to maintain the number of unique NPIs funded by Open programs This funding profile illustrates that the majority of grantees held less than $150K of in-year funding in The average value of an individual grant is approximately $123K per year
16 The Mechanics Proposed Multi-phased Competition Process: Foundation/Programmatic Research Scheme 16 Approx. 11 program grants are awarded
17 The Mechanics Proposed Multi-phased Competition Process: Project Scheme 17
18 College of Reviewers The College of Reviewers will support peer review activities for both the current system and the new Open Suite of Programs. A more robust registry of potential reviewers: grant holders international reviewers knowledge users other disciplines lay reviewers with the breath and depth of expertise required to review health-related applications Modular/personalized training provided strategically Mentoring program for new reviewers Strengthened recognition of reviewer service to the research enterprise by CIHR and institutions 18
19 Transitioning to the New Schemes Current thinking suggests a gradual phase-in strategy will be used to implement the new design in small, progressive steps. CIHR is considering piloting some elements of the new Open Suite of Programs design. Current considerations for transition include: Education, training and support for applicants and reviewers. Developing a thorough understanding of system-wide impacts of changes to CIHR s programming. Working with institutions and partners to ensure smooth transition. Development of a monitoring and evaluation system to ensure continuous quality improvement of the new system. 19
20 About the Institute of Gender and Health (IGH) Our mission is foster research excellence regarding the influence of gender and sex on the health of women and men throughout life and to apply these research findings to identify and address pressing health challenges.
21 Percent Percentage of total CIHR expenditures related to IGH mandate areas 18% 16% 14% 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% grant $ open grant $ strategic salary $ open salary $ strategic training $ open training $ strategic 2% 0% Fiscal Year
22 What We Do Identify and set research priorities in the field (our strategic plan) Create targeted funding opportunities to address these priorities (our strategic initiatives) Build capacity to undertake and achieve excellence in gender, sex, and health research Partner to promote the consideration of sex and gender in the work of other institutes and organizations Facilitate knowledge translation to ensure research makes a difference
23 Every cell is sexed Every person is gendered
24 Significant Differences in Health Outcomes for Men and Women Men die younger than women: 78 years compared to 82.7 years in Canada. Women experience a heavier burden of chronic illness. Men s and women s use of the health system differs. They respond differently to therapies.
25 A social construct Gender Encompasses gender roles, gender identity, gender relations, institutionalized gender Linked to power and to economic and social status Culturally and temporally specific Shapes health care access, health behaviours
26 Sex Biological construct Encompasses hormones, genes, anatomy, physiology, and so forth Affects propensity, trajectories, prevalence and treatment of health conditions and diseases Differences in drug absorption, body composition, metabolism, diseases and conditions vary by sex
27 Gender and Sex: so close yet so far apart? Binary distinction Operational conflation Challenges of operationalizing and measuring gender What dimension(s) of gender are you measuring? (gender role, gender identity, gender relations) Challenges of accounting for sex Many models use male-only animals Sex of cell lines is often unknown
28 Why Gender and Sex Matter in All Health Research Sex and gender are everybody s business. Without considering gender and sex, we risk not only misapplying findings, but missing opportunities to improve health.
29 IGH Opportunities Strategic Initiatives Targeted funding opportunities that address our strategic priorities Each institute has a strategic initiatives budget (~$8.5 million/year) Grants and awards Priority announcements Examples include: team grants, salary awards, chair program, centres See CIHR s funding opportunities database for current opportunities
30 Gender, Work and Health Chair Program Funding to support leading researchers conducting research on gender, work and health Encompasses both paid and unpaid work Anticipated launch date: June 2012
31 IGH Opportunities for Trainees Summer Institute (Fall Institute) Institute Community Support Program Travel Awards (3x/year) Skills Development Awards Award for Excellence Knowledge Translation Supplements
32 IGH Opportunities Even More! Partnered Funding Opportunities (e.g., Innovation Team Grants: Community-Based Primary Healthcare) KT Funding Opportunities (e.g, planning grants, dissemination events, Café Scientifiques) Integrating Gender and Sex in Health Research Webinar Series Institute Advisory Board
33 IGH Opportunities Even More! IGH-hosted International Conference Advancing Excellence in Gender, Sex and Health Research Montreal, Quebec October 29-31, 2012
34 Contact IGH Website: Phone: (604) To join IGH s mailing list, please send a request to the above address.
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