Steel Design Awards News & Notes SINGAPORE STRUCTURAL STEEL SOCIETY

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1 SINGAPORE STRUCTURAL STEEL SOCIETY Steel News & Notes Vol 25, Issue 4; Vol 26, Issue 1 (June 2010 September 2010) News & Notes The Helix Steel Design Awards 2010 SINGAPORE STRUCTURAL STEEL SOCIETY Vol 25, Issue 4; Vol 26, Issue 1 June 2010 September 2010 MICA (P) 184/10/2009 S$25 Marina Bay Sands SkyPark Marina Bay Sands podium roof & canopy structures

2 PROJECTS ALERTS ASIA An online database of Infrastructure and Building projects in Asia Track upcoming Building & Infrastructure projects Create Business Opportunities Receive updated information through timely Alerts Register today for an exclusive trial at Institutional 2% Singapore China India Healthcare 2% Infrastructure 5% Industrial 1% Hotel 4% Mixed Use 10% Museum Sports 1% 1% Country Projects Malaysia Commercial 9% Segment List Residential 65% For more information please contact: Roof & Facade Pte Ltd (Regn. No H) Tel: Fax:

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4 336-C King George s Avenue King George Bldg Singapore Tel: Fax: President: Tan Tian Chong Building & Construction Authority Immediate Past President: Prof Richard Liew National University of Singapore First Vice President: Mr Ho Wan Boon Yongnam Engineering & Construction (Pte) Ltd Second Vice President: Mr Anthony Tan BlueScope Lysaght (Singapore) Pte Ltd Hon. Secretary: Mr Bernard Chung Tata Steel International (Singapore) Pte Ltd Hon. Treasurer: Chor How Choon Technobuilt Construction & Engineering Pte Ltd Council Members : Mr Lee Chee Weye Surbana International Consultants Pte Ltd Mr Melvin Soh Continental Steel Pte Ltd Mr Tay Yak Hong TYH Consulting Engineers Mr K Thanabal Building & Construction Authority Mr Chia Wah Kam Arup Singapore Pte Ltd Ms Serena Yap TY Lin International Pte Ltd Ng Yiaw Heong, Dr TTJ Design and Engineering Pte Ltd steel News & Notes Editorial Committee Anthony Tan Bernard Chung Chia Wah Kam Chiew Sing Ping, Dr Ho Wan Boon Mohd. Sirajul Islam Ng Cheng Kiat Ng Yiaw Heong, Dr Richard Liew, Dr Editorial Advisor Raj Lawrence Consulting Editor Steven Wemple Content Manager Dr Parvathy Subhadra Production Staff Pamela De Silva Creative Services Priyanka Menon Design S. Shanmugam For advertising enquiries, contact: Business Development Representative Kim Quek PUBLISHING AGENT: INFRASTRUCTURE ASIA PTE LTD (Regn. No H) 1091 Lower Delta Road, #05-08 Mapletree Industrial Singapore Tel: Fax: PRINTED BY: Stamford Press Pte Ltd Note: STEEL News & Notes welcomes articles relating to use of Structural Steel in construction. Publication is at the discretion of the Editorial Committee. The views expressed are not necessarily those of SSSS, the Editor or the Publisher. While care has been taken to ensure that the information contained herein is accurate, SSSS or the Publisher assume no responsibility for any error in or misrepresentation of such information, or any loss or damage arising from or related to its use. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the Publisher. Columns contents 4 President s Message: Mr Tan Tian Chong 5 Honorary Fellowship Award Professor Richard Liew Jat-Yuen 30 Features 10 Steel Design Awards Steel Bridge Construction: A Few Myths & Realities 30 Prevention of Corrosion on Structural Steelwork 38 Gardens by the Bay Worldsteel Short Range Outlook Appraisal of Steel Structures 2 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

5 19 24 Membership 6 About SSSS Membership 8 New Corporate Members 47 Directory Listing of Corporate Members 54 Members List 64 Membership Application Form 38 Events 34 Events 36 SSSS - BCA Scholarship Fund Raising Golf Tournament Calendar of Events 53 World Steel Association Steelies Awards 2010 Professional Development 22 Singapore Steel Fabricators Accreditation Scheme 24 Quiz 26 Composite Construction for Sustainability 36 June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 3 44

6 President s Message Ssss: Growing From Strength To Strength Dear fellow members, I would like to highlight some of the notable achievements of the Singapore Structural Steel Society (SSSS) over the past few years. First, I am pleased to report that the SSSS has grown in membership. Our individual membership grew from just 245 in 2000 to 550 this year. During the same period, corporate membership also increased from 13 to 136. Of course, size alone is not a sign of greatness. It is what we do together and the results that is important. And in that respect, I can point out quite a few successes of the SSSS. At the top of this list is the SSSS Steel Fabricators Accreditation Scheme. Launched in November 2002, this scheme has helped to raise the standards of steel fabrication and erection in the construction industry in Singapore. To be accredited, applicant firms must meet requirements of the category they are applying for. The firm will be audited and inspected to verify their qualifications. This scheme has the strong support of the BCA. They have sent out an advisory note to encourage QPs to specify, as part of their contract specifications, that the steel fabricator employed should be accredited under the SSSS Steel Fabricators Accreditation Scheme. Today, the scheme has accredited just over 100 structural steel fabricators. The training of Certified Structural Steel Engineers and Supervisors is another worthy SSSS contribution to the industry. In response to the acute shortage of engineers and technical personnel who were trained to supervise structural steelwork, the SSSS launched the Certification Course for Structural Steel Engineers and Steel Supervisors a few years ago. They are specially tailored for engineers and technical personnel working in the steel fabrication yards and on construction sites. The courses emphasise the practical and safety aspects of structural steel construction and have been very well attended. To-date, we have trained over 700 qualified steel supervisors and about 300 engineers. The third project I want to mention is our SSSS-BCA scholarship. This is our society s contribution to the efforts to attract more talents to the construction sector. The scholarship fund is to assist deserving undergraduates pursuing Civil and Structural Engineering course at NUS or NTU and diplomas at Singapore Polytechnic. Started during our 20th anniversary celebration, we have since raised over S$418,000. To-date we have given out six scholarships to university undergraduates and eight to diploma students. The fourth area of contribution is in helping the industry to switch to the Structural Euro- Codes 3 and 4. Over the past three years, our society has assisted BCA and SPRING Singapore to play a leading role to help the industry prepare for the implementation of the structural Euro-Codes 3 and 4. These are the European Standards for the design of steel structures and composite steel and concrete structures respectively. Our society took the lead in preparing the National Annexes customised for Singapore usage. The National Annexes are an essential part of the Euro-Codes. This is a great honour for our society and reflects the growing recognition of the SSSS as a respected and value-adding organisation in the construction sector. Going forward, we are preparing training programmes to gear up our steel engineers for the switch. They should be ready next year. I would like to conclude by thanking my fellow council members who have worked tirelessly to contribute to these achievements. Apart from the projects which I just mentioned, they are the reasons why the SSSS is so active. Every month, we have at least one, sometimes two or three activities such as site visits, evening talks, seminars or corporate members nights. But most of all, we thank all our members, whether individual or corporate, whose participation and strong and constant support have made all these achievements possible. We look forward to your continuing support in the years ahead. Warmest Regards, Tan Tian Chong 4 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

7 Professor Richard Liew Jat-Yuen Professor, Department of Civil Engineering National University of Singapore (NUS) Honorary Fellowship Award Professor Richard Liew Jat-Yuen At Singapore Structural Steel Society s 26th Annual Dinner event held on 26 Aug 2010, Prof Dr Richard Liew was conferred a SSSS Honorary Fellow by the Society s President Mr Tan Tian Chong. Professor Richard Liew is the Programme Director of Hazards, Risks & Mitigation in the Department of Civil Engineering at the National University of Singapore. His specialization covers a broad area of design and behaviour of steel and composite steel-concrete structures, fire safety and blast resistant design, as well as methods of advanced nonlinear analysis and its applications to high-rise building and offshore design. He is a registered Professional Engineer in Singapore, an ASEAN Charted Professional Engineer, and a Chartered Structural Engineer in U.K. In addition, he is a Chartered member of the Structural Engineering Institute of the America Society of Civil Engineering (ASCE) and a Member-at-large of the Structural Stability Research Council (SSRC) in the USA. He is the Chairman of the National Group (Singapore) of International Association for Bridges and Structural Engineering. He has authored over 300 technical publications including five books and three patents. Prof Liew interacts closely with the steel industry in the Asian region as a technical advisor in the areas of steel and composite structures. He has also seen his R&D brought from the laboratory to full-scale applications. The latter would include the deployable cable-strut systems (IP Patents), performance-based fire engineering method (design guides for performance-based fire safety design guides) and some 20 full-scale installations for airport structures, high-rise buildings, large-span structures and special pretensioned structures. He provides specialist advises to offshore and building projects in Singapore and the Asia-Pacific region. He is also an independent director of Yongnam Holdings and Technics Oil and Gas Pte Ltd in Singapore. Professor Liew is the longest serving council member of the Singapore Structural Steel Society. He has been serving as a council member of SSSS since He is currently the Immediate Past President of the Society in September He has chaired and made significant contributions to many committees, including structural steel fabricators scheme, certified structural steel and supervisor course, drafting of Singapore national annexes for Eurocodes 3 and 4. In his 18 years with Singapore Structural Steel Society, Prof Liew has provided outstanding leadership to the engineering professional communities and the structural steel industry. Prof. Liew also serves in numerous international committees related to standards and specifications of steel and composite structures. He sits on the editorial boards of six international journals and have delivered numerous invited and keynote lectures worldwide. He chairs and involves in numerous professional committees and national task groups for design codes development. This includes the Singapore Structural Steel Society and the Hong Kong Steel Construction Institute where he enjoys tremendous respect and has tremendous influence and leadership. He is a member of the international advisory committee and author of the Hong Kong Code of Practice of Steel Structures, IABSE Working Commission 2 on Steel, Timber and Composite Structures. Professor Liew is a corresponding member of the Fire Engineering Task Group and the Standing Committee of Implementation of Eurocodes under the Institute of Structural Engineers, UK. He is the convener responsible for the development of EC3 and EC4 Singapore national annexes for steel and composite building codes. His research work on fire safety engineering and design of steel-composite systems has been widely cited. He published design guides and technical articles related to fire engineering safety of steel structures. He ventured into deployable and lightweight structures involving composite polymer materials and lightweight metals for long span applications. His design on deployable structures has led to three pending patents and this multi-discipline research work receives world-wide recognition in international conferences and the work was awarded the prestigious Hangai Prize in 2005 and 2010 by the International Association of Shell and Spatial Structures. Prof. Liew has developed a strong research profile in the area of steel composite structures and has been awarded with eight academic research grants. His total research funding over the last five years exceeds S$12 million including four large external funds from the offshore and construction industries and five research funds from the University of Singapore. His has good track record of project delivery and has deep understanding on local professional practices. In recognition for his services and contributions, Professor Liew, together with his students, won several prestigious research awards. He also won numerous excellent teaching and best educator awards from NUS. June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 5

8 Membership About SSSS Membership Membership in the Singapore Structural Steel Society has grown over the past 26 years with many longterm members who have supported the Society from its inception in As a result of the Society s effort, there has been an upsurge of interests in Singapore towards the consideration of structural steel as an alternative material of construction. The Society has been very active in bringing together all those involved in research, teaching, design, fabrication, manufacture and construction of steel structures in this region. This is made possible through the organisation of seminars, evening talks and publications of quarterly newsletters. The Society has also co-sponsored a number of international and regional conferences and has arranged workshops and short courses on various aspects of steel structures. In order to bring closer new research findings and latest developments in steel construction around the world to members of the Society, it is our tradition to invite prominent guest speakers to deliver our annual lectures. Society s Objectives The objectives of the Society are: To constitute an association of engineers, architects, industrialists, administrators and others concerned with or interested in the analysis, design, construction, research and other aspects of structural steel. To provide a forum for its members, their guests and others for discussion, education, collaboration and other mutually beneficial activities, including seminars, invited lectures, short courses, publications, etc. To develop a resource of the best and the latest information on the science, engineering and technology of structural steel. To promote the proper use of structural steel under the appropriate circumstances for the benefit of the community and the region. Society s Activities The SSSS plays an active role in the local construction industry to promote the use of steel through the following activities: 1. Provision of a forum for those involved in research, teaching, design, fabrication, manufacturing and construction of steel structures in the region. Organisation of regular seminars, forums and short courses on various aspects of design and construction of steel structures. Quarterly publication of newsletters. Organisation and co-sponsoring of international and regional symposiums /conferences. The invitation of prominent speakers to deliver the Annual Lecture to introduce to our members new research findings and the latest developments in steel construction around the world. 6 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

9 Liaison with external steel bodies. Organisation of industry steel design awards and present annual industry awards and book prizes to local universities and tertiary institutions for outstanding academic performance in steel design. Organisation of site visits. Participation in national standards and specifications. Certification and accreditation of steel fabricators. Membership Benefits Technical Library and Resource Centre The SSSS has a comprehensive list of library books and technical papers on steelworks and steel construction. The library also has a selection of audio-visual materials relating to the steel industry for reference by members upon request. Technical Presentations The SSSS regularly conducts technical talks on topics of interest in the structural steel industry presented by experienced professionals and specialists in the industry. Seminars, Conferences and Conventions Members are invited to attend conferences, seminars and conventions organised by the SSSS and affiliated organisations at reduced rates. PDUs will be awarded accordingly. Publications All members receive regular updates and information on steel and steel construction works both locally and in the region in the form of a quarterly magazine - Steel News and Notes. Corporate and Affiliate members enjoy discounts on standards, codes of practices and technical books published by selected Steel Institutes and Societies, when purchased through the SSSS. Members can receive assistance with links to external steel bodies. The SSSS can assist with the setting-up of links to other related bodies overseas for members to source for additional information on steels and steelworks. Short Courses SSSS organises short modular courses to facilitate members and PDUs are awarded to attendees. Society Website The society website is available at to members and it offers the latest issue of Steel News and Notes. The website provides the most up-to-date information on the steel industry. Advisory Panel SSSS has an advisory panel to answer any technical questions related to steel design, products, and specifications. Membership Categories Membership at the Society has the following categories: Fellow A Member or non-member of the Society of considerable experience and extraordinary accomplishment or service to the community in the area of structural steel. Bestowed by the Society as a special honour and by invitation only. Member An engineer, architect or industrialist with a Bachelor s degree or equivalent academic qualification or with ten or more years of practical experience in some aspect of structural steel at the time of application. Associate Member Any individual who does not meet the qualifications for or does not wish to apply for admission as a Member, but wishes to participate in the Society s activities. Associate Members have no voting right. Corporate Member Any group or organisation that is associated with structural steel production, design, fabrication or construction, desirous of participating in the Society s aims and activities. Can nominate one official or staff member to represent the organisation and to vote on its behalf. Affiliate Member Any group or organisation that does not meet the qualifications for or does not wish to join as a Corporate Member, but wishes to participate in the Society s activities. Can nominate one official or staff member to represent the organisation, but cannot vote. Only Members and Corporate Members of the SSSS may use an abbreviation after their names on calling cards, letterheads and other documents as follows: Member: M.SSSS Corporate Member: CM.SSSS Contact Details: Singapore Structural Steel Society 336-C King George s Avenue King George s Building Singapore Contact Information: Contact Person: Ms Pauline Zee June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 7

10 New Corporate Members Membership Name of Corporate Member Corp Member No. Year joined Month joined 19-ANC Enterprise Pte Ltd CM Dec Prime Structures Engineering Pte Ltd CM Dec Asia Metal Engineering & Trading Pte Ltd CM Jan Sino New Steel Pte Ltd CM Jan Arcelor Mittal Singapore Pte Ltd CM Feb Lixin Engineering Pte Ltd CM Feb Kai Engineering & Construction Pte Ltd CM Feb Shanghai Zhenghe Steel Structure Co Ltd CM Mar Steeltech Industries Pte Ltd CM Mar SA Engineering Pte Ltd CM Mar Sharikat National Steel Pte Ltd CM Apr DN Joocon Pte Ltd CM Apr V&M Deutschland Gmbh CM May GuangDong Hua Yu Steel Structure Engineering Co Ltd CM Jul The Shelter Company Pte Ltd CM Jul PEC Ltd CM Jul Joo Loong Engineering Pte Ltd CM Aug China International Water & Electric Corp (S) Pte Ltd CM Aug Megastone Holdings Pte Ltd CM Aug Quric Pte Ltd CM Sep Rong Du Building Construction Pte Ltd CM Sep Lian Kee Engineering Works CM Sep CKR Contract Services Pte Ltd CM Oct Chang Sheng Engineering Works CM Oct AME International Pte Ltd CM Oct VISA Engineering Pte Ltd CM Oct Yong Hup Seng Mesh Co Pte Ltd CM Oct Bestfab Engineering & Construction Pte Ltd CM Nov Liyang Pengcheng Steel Structure Co. Ltd CM Nov 8 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

11 Members Steel Fabricators who received their Accreditation Certificates on 26 Aug 2010 Category: S1 1. TTJ Design & Engineering Pte Ltd 2. Victor Buyck Steel Construction Sdn Bhd 3. William Hare (SEA) Pte Ltd 4. Yongnam Engineering & Construction (Pte) Ltd 5. Zamil Steel Buildings Vietnam Co Ltd Category: S2 1. Bluescope Lysaght (Singapore) Pte Ltd For Vietnam Factory 2. Eng Lee Engineering Pte Ltd 3. G-Tech Metal Pte Ltd 4. Hoe Hoe Engineering Pte Ltd 5. Hong Giap Engineering Pte Ltd 6. Hup Lian Engineering Pte Ltd 7. Kaszon Pte Ltd 8. Kong Hwee Iron Works & Construction Pte Ltd 9. Leong Siew Weng Engineering Pte Ltd 10. PEC Ltd 11. WY Steel Construction Pte Ltd Category: S3 1. Anderco Pte Ltd 2. Hwee Metal Works Pte Ltd 3. JS Metal Pte Ltd 4. Kian Hiap Construction Pte Ltd 5. Koon Hui Engineering Works Pte Ltd 6. Lai Yew Seng Pte Ltd 7. Lanco Construction & Engineering Pte Ltd 8. Lixin Engineering Pte Ltd 9. Prime Structures Engineering Pte Ltd 10. SKYA Construction Pte Ltd 11. SRN Engineering Pte Ltd 12. Sunlink Engineering Pte Ltd 13. THI Engineering & Construction Pte Ltd 14. Wing Tuck Engineering Pte Ltd 15. Zecon Engineering Works Pte Ltd Category: S ANC Enterprise Pte Ltd 2. Asia Metal Engineering & Trading Pte Ltd 3. DN Joocon Pte Ltd 4. Eng Meng Construction Pte Ltd 5. Foo Heng Construction Pte Ltd 6. Greenleaf Industries Pte Ltd 7. KAI Engineering & Construction Pte Ltd 8. Lian Gay Construction Pte Ltd 9. Pollisum Engineering Pte Ltd 10. Progressive Builders Pte Ltd 11. Sam Leck Metal Works Pte Ltd 12. Sino New Steel Pte Ltd 13. Steeltech Industries Pte Ltd 14. Weldanpower Enterprise & Engineering Services Pte Ltd June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 9

12 Steel Design Members Awards 2010 List STEEL DESIGN AWARDS 2010: Promoting the Use of Steel in Construction Since 2002, the Steel Design Awards have recognisd steel structural engineering excellence, and rewarded the work of the most talented structural designers/architects and steel fabricators for their indispensable contribution to the built environment. This event was previously held in 2002, 2004, 2007 and The greatest challenge in the coming years for the construction industry is to remain profitable and competitive. For the steel sector, this is the golden opportunity to demonstrate the advantages of steel design and construction. Many developments are hard pressed for materials, time and workers. Steel designers and related practitioners who come out with innovative designs on cutting edge steel building technology to fast-track construction and at the same time to reduce the number of construction workers required will be the most sought after. The SSSS Steel Design Awards allows one to have the opportunity to be associated with the continuing growth and success of this premier celebration of achievement and innovation in steel structural engineering. It is a fantastic opportunity to raise the profile of your organisation within the industry and the general public. It also acknowledges your efforts contributed by the project team. What type of projects is suitable? The SSSS Steel Design Awards is opened to both large and small-scale projects. Judging is based on merit and not on the size of the projects. The intended project for entry should have been completed or be due for completion between April 2008 and 30 April The SSSS Steel Design Awards categories are designed to reflect the breadth of projects for which our designers or steel fabricators are responsible for in Singapore Steel News & Notes June September 2010

13 Members Steel Design List Awards 2010 For the 2010 SSSS Steel Design Awards the committee has decided to divide into 3 different categories, reflecting the breadth of projects for which structural engineers and steel fabricators are responsible. They are as follow: Category 1 Award for Community, Residential or Institutional Structures For achievement in the structural design of community or residential structures; examples include community centres, bus stations/ shelters, places of worship, libraries, police stations, residential homes, housing, hostels or smaller-scale projects. Or institutional structures which include educational, polytechnics, university campuses and public monumental buildings. Category 2 Award for Industrial and Commercial Structure For achievement in the structural design of industrial or commercial structures; examples include factories and warehouses, petrochemical works, water treatment works, power stations, office buildings and shopping centres. Category 3 Award for Sports, Bridges and Healthcare or Other Structures For achievement in the structural design of sports structures, bridges or healthcare structures or structures not mentioned in categories 1 and 2. The judging criteria Submissions will be judged on whether the steel design of the project displays the following attributes: Creativity Value Innovation Excellence Points will be awarded to those projects if they exhibit the following key criteria: Design Architectural and structural excellence Efficiency and innovation in the use of steel Environment impact and environmentally friendly Cost effectiveness Fabrication Innovative manufacturing technique Practicality in fabrication procedure with respect to material and geometry Effective use of manpower during fabrication Adaptation of good workmanship and skill Erection Efficacious erection sequence and procedure Minimising impact to the neighbourhood during construction Innovative and economical devices for assembly and erection Construction quality and safety In addition, participants are required to submit a synopsis comprising not less than 1000 words based on the above criteria. Judges are looking for clearly presented materials that concisely informs them of the project and work of the designers and steel fabricators, as to why the entrant is worthy of an award. June September 2010 Steel News & Notes 13 11

14 Steel Design Awards 2010 The Helix Helix The The architectural and engineering marvels behind The Helix provide nothing short of a magical and intriguing experience for bridge users. As the bridge is designed to curve to connect seamlessly with the pedestrian promenade at the Bayfront and Marina Promenade, bridge users can see the entire structure of the bridge while crossing it. The 280m bridge, comprising five spans (three internal spans, each 65m and two approach spans, each 43m), forms part of a 3.5km waterfront promenade that loops around the Marina Bay. 12 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

15 Steel Design Awards 2010 Crossing the 6m-wide bridge is a unique experience as fitted glass and steel mesh canopies dotted along the inner spirals, providing shade from Singapore s tropical climate. Four viewing pods extend out over the water. Positioned in strategic locations, these platforms let visitors enjoy the expansive skyline vista while watching events by the water and shoreline. Glass panels on the floor also provide a visual connection to the water below. The design inspiration behind The Helix is entirely forward-looking: its resemblance to DNA as a symbol of continuity, renewal, and everlasting abundance, reflects Singapore s aspirations for Marina Bay. Submitted by: Arup Singapore Pte Ltd Client: Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore Architects: COX / Architect 61 Contractor: Sato Kogyo (S) Pte Ltd Structural Engineer: Arup Singapore Pte Ltd Steel Fabricator: TTJ Design & Engineering Pte Ltd June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 13

16 Steel Design Awards 2010 Marina Bay Sands SkyPark Submitted by: Arup Singapore Pte Ltd Client(s): Marina Bay Sands Pte Ltd Architect(s): Moshe Safdie Associate in association with AEDAS Pte Ltd Contractor(s): JFE-Yongnam JV Structural Engineer: Arup Singapore Pte Ltd Steel Fabricator: Refer to Contractor(s) Sands SkyPark is one of the iconic features of the Marina Bay Sands Integrated Resort (MBSIR) located in the Marina Bay area. The 1ha SkyPark sits atop three 55-storey hotel towers and includes facilities such as landscaped gardens, signature restaurants, infinity pools and a 65m cantilevered viewing platform which offers visitors a 360 view of the city. The SkyPark is the world s largest cantilevered public observation deck it measures 38m wide, 340m long and used over 7,000 tonnes of steel in its construction. The extraordinary SkyPark is now a landmark, and a symbolic icon for Singapore, similar to what the Sydney Opera House is to Sydney. The superstructure is likened to a bridge that sits atop three 55-storey hotel towers. Notably, the most challenging aspect of is the 66.5m long SkyPark cantilever that overhangs from hotel tower 3. As the experts behind the engineering works of Sands SkyPark, Arup spent considerable time to conduct various stress tests. Much time and analytical effort was spent by Arup s bridge and dynamics specialists to ensure we understood the complex behaviour under wind and human excitation (dancing etc). 14 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

17 Steel Design Awards 2010 Arup had to overcome a number of structural challenges, the first of which was to formulate a design that allowed for safe and easy erection so far above the ground. This was achieved through a combination of bridge and building technology. The second was to cater for the natural movements of the towers upon which the SkyPark was to be supported, through the composition of five distinct joined plates. The third challenge was the dynamics of the SkyPark in response to strong winds and vibration caused by people movement. The dynamic properties of a structure are particularly hard to predict as there are many elements of the structure and architectural finishes that contribute to this. Arup thus designed large tuned mass dampers that act in a similar manner to shock absorbers within the SkyPark s belly and carried out large scale vibration tests to verify the design. June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 15

18 Steel Design Awards 2010 Marina Bay Sands Podium Roof & Canopy Structures 16 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

19 Steel Design Awards 2010 The Marina Bay Sands (MBS) Integrated Resort is aimed at becoming a key element in Singapore s tourism market, and is an icon for the island s Marina Bay redevelopment. MBS integrates the waterfront promenade with civic space, shopping, indoor and outdoor spaces endowed with city skyline views, daylight and plant life, to provide an abundance and variety of activities. This development comprises state-of-the-art Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE) facilities, a massive events plaza, two theatres and a multilevel retail arcade lining the waterfront promenade. Enclosing these striking buildings are the stepped, wave form Podium Roof & Canopy Structures. Every component of this development is technically challenging. The Podium Roof comprises long span roofs enclosing the Casino, Theatre and MICE facilities. They span up to 120m and exhibit highly-complex stepped, wave form surfaces. The retail arcade is sheltered by various lightweight canopy structures, some of which have plan dimensions of 45x90m, and are connected to pedestrian bridges spanning 60m. The canopies have a double curved geometry and are cable-stayed back to the Podium concrete structure. Submitted by: Arup Singapore Pte Ltd Client(s): Marina Bay Sands Pte Ltd Architect(s): Moshe Safdie Associate in association with AEDAS Pte Ltd Contractor(s): Yongnam Engineering & Construction (Pte) Ltd, Alfasi Construction (Singapore) Pte Ltd, Singapore Jinggong Steel Structure Pte Ltd Structural Engineer: Arup Singapore Pte Ltd Steel Fabricator: refer to Contractor(s) October- June 2010 December September Steel News & Notes 17

20 Steel Design Awards 2010 Steel Design Awards 2010 Merit Award SIAEC Hanger Number 6 This project involves the construction of SIAEC Hangar with a basement and ancillary offices at Airline Road. The overall dimension of the hangar is m by 90m including the ancillary offices. The main steel roof is m by 62m, thus the span of the main steel trusses are m long and 38.25m high. Submitted by: KTP Consultants Pte Ltd Client: SIA Engineering Company Architect: Archi Theme Partnership Contractor: Eng Lim Construction Pte Ltd Structural Engineer : KTP Consultants Pte Ltd Steel Fabricator: 22nd China Metallurgical Construction Group 18 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

21 Steel Design Awards 2010 Steel Design Awards 2010 Merit Award The Sky Bridges The Duxton is Singapore s first tallest Public Housing project with 12 number of Skybridges connecting all 7 blocks of 50- storey at 26th and 50th storey. These sky bridges form part of the outdoor sky garden, equipped with amenities for recreational purposes to provide an extension of the living environment for residents, and the 26th storey Sky Bridges also function as areas of refuge during fires and allow the sustainable sharing of mechanical services. The bridges are made of steel with a concrete slab on top. The length of the bridges varies, with the longest spanning 48 metres, and weighs 327 tonnes. The width and height of the bridges are 20 metres and 3.9 metres respectively. These bridges have held two world records till date, i.e. the longest Sky- Garden and the heaviest Skybridge. Submitted by: RSP Architects Planners & Engineers (Pte) Ltd Client: Housing and Development Board (HDB), Singapore Architects: RSP Architects Planners & Engineers (Pte) Ltd in collaboration with ARC studio Architecture + Urbanism Contractor: Chip Eng Seng Contractors (1988) Pte Ltd Structural Engineer: Housing & Development Board (HDB) Design Engineer: TY Lin International Steel Fabricator: TTJ Design & Engineering Pte Ltd June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 19

22 Steel Design Awards 2010 Steel Design Awards 2010 Merit Award Le Vie Showroom Resorts World Sentosa Le Vie Showroom is located next to Festive Hotel and can accommodate up to about 1,600 patrons. The roof of Le Vie Showroom consists of 13 nos. of mega trusses distributed into 7 grid lines marked as LV1~LV7, covering an area of about 4,500 square metres. Above the roof is a 3.2m high double layers concrete slab, which is occupied by a pool with a size of 30m x 12.6m x 1.2m and four pavilions. The roof trusses are designed as plane frames and sized to control the deflections of the large spans. The spans of trusses is 59.9m at LV6 and LV7, which weight about 152 tonnes, each with a height of 4.7m c/c from top chord to bottom chord. The spans of trusses at LV1 to LV5 are about 70.5m, which weight more than 200 tonnes each with a height of 6.25m c/c from top chord to bottom chord. The roof trusses are laterally braced by two layers of wide flange beams at the truss top chord level at 2.8m apart. Built-up box sections are used as the top and bottom chords of mega trusses and buildup H-sections are adopted as the struts of mega trusses. The thicknesses of steel plates are from 16mm to 60mm depending on the distribution of internal force along the truss. Submitted by: China Jingye Engineering Corporation Ltd (Singapore Branch) Client: Resorts World Sentosa Pte Ltd Architect: DP Architects Pte Ltd Contractor: Kajima-Tiong Seng JV Structural Engineer: Aecom Singapore Pte Ltd Steel Fabricator: China Jingye Engineering Corporation Ltd (Singapore Branch) 20 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

23 Steel Design Awards 2010 Steel Design Awards 2010 Merit Award School of the Arts (SOTA) School of The Arts (SOTA) is Singapore s first independent pre-tertiary arts school to offer a unique connected arts and academic curriculum. The $100m school is an initiative of the Ministry of Information, Communication and the Arts (MICA) to nurture youths talented in the arts, with the vision to groom the next generation of artists. SOTA is an iconic structure located in the heart of Singapore city centre at the corner of Orchard Road and Selegie Road. The key feature of the structure is a series of 7-storey high cantilevers spanning a maximum of 18m. The development mainly comprises three 10- storey tower blocks interconnected by floor slabs at various levels. Each block has 7 storeys of Academic Space overlying the 4-storey high Performance Space. Submitted by: Worley Parsons Pte Ltd Client(s): Ministry of Information, Communication and the Arts Architect(s): WOHA Contractor(s): Tiong Aik Construction Pte Ltd Structural Engineer: Worley Parsons Pte Ltd Steel Fabricator: 22nd Metallurgical Construction Corporation June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 21

24 Accreditation Scheme SINGAPORE STEEL FABRICATORS ACCREDITATION SCHEME New criteria effective 15 March 2010, new & renewal application Category S1 Financial Total Equity Human resource Existing Criteria S$3 Million New Criteria Engineer 4 5 Supervisory 5 7 Skilled technical 1.welder, G3 & above 2.Structural steel fitter Track records Tonnage (past 3 years) Facilities & Equipment 10,000t (of which 5,000t from projects of S1 category) ,000t from projects of S1 category 3,000sqm of permanent covered facilities with hoisting facilities of at least one 10 tons gantry crane. Quality & Safety System ISO 9001 & OHSAS Category S2 Financial Total Equity Human resource Existing Criteria S$2 Million New Criteria Engineer 2 3 Supervisory 2 3 Skilled technical 1.welder, G3 & above 2.Structural steel fitter Track records Tonnage (past 3 years) 5,000t (of which 2,000t from projects of at least S2 category) 5 3 2,000t from projects of at least S2 category Facilities & Equipment 1,200sqm of permanent covered facilities with hoisting facilities of at least one 5 tons gantry crane. Quality & Safety System ISO 9001 Category S3 Financial Existing Criteria New Criteria Total Equity S$500,000 *S$500,000 (2 years grace, after which, $700,000, effective 1 st Jan 2012) Human resource Engineer 1 Supervisory 1 2 Skilled technical 1.welder, G3 & above 2.Structural steel fitter Track records Tonnage (past 3 years) 3,000t (of which 1,000t from projects of at least S3 category) Facilities & Equipment Quality & Safety System 3 2 1,000t from project of at least S3 category 500sqm of permanent covered facilities with hoisting facilities N.A. Category S4 Financial Total Equity Human resource Existing Criteria New Criteria S$100,000 Engineer 1 Supervisory 1 Skilled technical 1.welder, G3 & above 2.Structural steel fitter Track records Tonnage (past 3 years) Facilities & Equipment Quality & Safety System 1,000t (of which 100t of fabrication or erection of at least S3 category) t of fabrication or erection of at least S3 category 100sqm of permanent covered facilities with hoisting facilities N.A. 22 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

25 Accreditation Scheme As of October 2010, there were 105 accredited firms consisting of Categories S1 through S4, depending on the firms ability to fabricate and erect steel structures of various building, portals, bridges and truss works. The total number of accredited firms has risen annually from less than 20 in 2003 to over 100 in Description Firm that has the infrastructure, resources and capabilities to fabricate and erect structural steel structures of Category S1 S2 S3 S4 Building, industrial plant or portal structures Span portal, bridges or trusswork Over 30m in height Up to 30m in height Up to 20m in height Up to 10m in height Over 30m Up to 30m Up to 20m Up to 10m Equipment Category S1 S2 S3 S4 Cutting Drilling Punching Welding (any 2 machines) a)cnc Steel section sawing. Min 600Wx400H sawing area. b)cnc steel plate cutting. Min 2400W cutting area. c)cnc Profile machine CNC steel section drilling. Min 600W x 400H drilling area Full range of welding equipment & facilities for shielded metal arc weld (SMAW) and flux cored arc welding (FCAW) Normal cutting / sawing machines / (bench saw) Punching Machine Normal drilling machine Normal cutting / sawing machines Mig. Welder, electric arc welder Others Forklift, generators - Management System The ISO 9000 & OHSAS must be of the scope of Fabrication & erection of structural steel works. Accreditation workflow process SSSS 1. Application 2. Acknowledge receipt of application & checking of documents & fees BCA Accreditation workflow process (Renewal every 2 years) SSSS 8. Monitor due date for renewal. Send notice of renewal letter 3 months before certificate expiry BCA 3. Notify & pass document to BCA for audit 6a. Inform applicant firm 6. Decision by Accreditation Approving Committee Not Recommended Recommended 4. Accreditation Audit (to be arranged by assessor directly with applicant firm) 5. Submit Audit Report & Recommendation 1. Application 9. Repeat steps 2 to 7 8a. Send 1 st reminder letter two months before certificate expiry 8b. Send 2nd reminder letter one month before certificate expiry 8c. On the certificate expiry date. Put up request to revoke the certificate 7. Issue Certificate of Award As at 1 October 2009 June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 23

26 Quiz QUIZ QUESTIONS BCA s Mr K. Thanabal (Deputy Director, Bridges & Structural Steel Building Engineering Division) compiled an interesting set of quiz questions to test the general knowledge of SSSS members about steel structures. Following are his 10 quiz questions. Please see page 46 for the answers. (1) What is the angle of inclination of the top chord of the Jiak Kim Bridge across the Singapore River? A. 68 degrees B. 72 degrees C. 75 degrees (2) What is the plan diameter of proposed Sports Hub dome? A. 312 metres B. 322 metres C. 328 metres (3) What is the name of this steel suspension bridge across the Singapore River completed in 1869? (4) What is the weight of the spherical steel tuned mass damper suspended from the 92nd floor of the Taipei 101 building in metric tonnes? A. 660 metric tonnes B. 728 metric tonnes C. 900 metric tonnes (5) The Read Bridge across the Singapore River was referred to also as what bridge by locals? A. Saiboo Bridge B. Malacca Bridge C. Raffles Bridge A. Coleman Bridge B. Anderson Bridge C. Cavenagh Bridge 24 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

27 Quiz (6) What material was the Eiffel Tower made of? A. Cast Iron B. Puddled Iron C. Carbon Steel (7) What material were the rivets used in the ill-fated Titanic made of? A. Wrought Iron B. Cast Iron C. Pig Iron (8) The deck of the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world (Sutong Bridge, China) was made of structural steel. What was the longest span of this bridge? (9) In blast furnace operations, what does PCI stand for? A. Pulverised Carbon Injection B. Pulverised Coal Injection C. Pulverised Coke Injection (10) What is the height of the tallest steel structure building in the world, the Willis Tower, formerly known as the Sears Tower in Chicago? A. 448 metres B. 442 metres C. 398 metres A metres B metres C metres June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 25

28 Special Feature COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION FOR SUSTAINABILITY At the Tall Buildings Asia conference held August 2010 at M Hotel Singapore, Professor JY Richard Liew s presentation concerned how building materials such as concrete and steel can be used in conjunction via composite construction technology and application. He began his talk saying that we spend 90% of our lives in buildings - work, leisure and home. Hence, it is easy to see that productivity, well-being etc., is linked to the built environment which surrounds us every day. The idea of composite construction involves steel and concrete as these two materials complete one another. Namely, concrete is efficient in compression and steel in tension. Concrete encasement restrains steel against buckling, and protects against corrosion and fire damage. Steel brings ductility into the structure. In terms of construction, the advantages of steel-concrete composite include longer spans and column free space; thinner and lighter building weight; smaller column size; reduction of storey height reduces the total cladding area of the building lead to cost saving for cladding; and fasttrack construction. Saving costs include earlier completion and thus increasing rental income; lower financing costs etc.; flexible M&E layout and facilitate future maintenance and upgrading. Buildable design of high-rise building standardisation allows for repetition of grids, standardised sizes of components and connection details. It also offers simplicity - simple building construction systems and instal- lation details. Speed of construction is achieved via exploitation of long span advantage; reduces number of floor joints, integrate building services and adoption of composite construction. Professor Liew pointed out that today s newer high performance steels (HPS) include fireresistant steels, seismic steels, off-shore structures steel, lowyield steels, very high-strength steels, hot versus cold formed steel, and structural stainless steels. Current concrete grout and ultra-lightweight concrete feature high-strength and high performance, especially when used with HPS. Aspects of sustainable tall buildings according to Professor Liew include building 26 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

29 Members Special Feature List Composite Columns Infilled with Ultra-High Strength Concrete Normal Strength Concrete fcu < 60MPa High Strength Concrete 60MPa < fcu < 105 MPa Ultra High Strength Concrete 105MPa < fcu < 200 MPa Therefore, composite columns for high-rise construction improves space efficiency by using smaller columns in addition to utilising synergistic material advantages (composite action) resulting in higher strength and ductility, good fire and corrosion resistance, and fast-track construction (cost and time savings). efficiently, building for future flexibility, building for durability, designing for efficient operation, and designs that consider end-of-life and waste elimination issues. The role of engineers in sustainable design include such aspects as low carbon foot-print and environmental impact such as embodied energy, CO2 emission, water use and pollution etc. Other aspects include design for recycling such as efficiency; reduced wastage; reduce energy consumption of building; adaptability, durability; and reuse without major modification and demolition. New Solar Thermal Water Tank Facade/ Wall System Jointly developed by JTC, Yongnam Holdings and NUS The new Solar Thermal Water Tank Façade/Wall System presented by Professor Liew in his speech offers such green aspects as reduced energy demand for airconditioning and lower energy bills along with increasing the indoor thermal comfort of a building. The system also reduces energy consumption required for heating water, reduces greenhouse gas emissions through less electricity consumption in addition to reduciong the urban heat island (UHI) effect and harness solar energy by an affordable façade system. It is also a good replacement to commonly used conventional brick/ façade walls. Professor Liew s concluding remarks included seeing construction as essential in today s sustainable development. Today, the engineers role is important to ensure sustainable design. A very broad holistic approach / life cycle analysis should be used, and the proper choice of material and specification can provide positive contribution towards these goals. June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 27

30 Feature Article Steel Bridge Construction: A FewMyths& Realities This article wishes to dispel some of the myths or misconceptions surrounding the use of steel in bridge construction. These myths often arise out of past experience and don t take into account changes in technology, improvements in materials and products or updated design and construction practices. Adhering to these myths can limit the competitiveness of steel solutions, lead to misuse of steel products or prevents designers and owners from taking advantage of viable options when it comes to providing crossings. The original document focused primarily on signature bridges of steel plate girder construction. The newer document has been expanded to include prefabricated/ modular steel bridges using steel rolled beams and hollow structural sections and also corrugated steel pipe and corrugated steel plate as viable materials for bridge construction. What follows is not intended to be an exhaustive treatise on the technical aspects of steel bridge design but rather to help designers and owners take full advantage of steel in their search for viable solutions. To the extent possible we have provided references as back up and as sources for additional information. MYTH: Concrete lasts forever without maintenance. REALITY: Concrete is affected by the same environmental deterioration factors as steel. Its performance is also affected by quality of materials and design. Some people feel that once in place, concrete bridges (reinforced and pre-stressed) last forever and that steel bridges are slowly corroding away. Indeed the perception is that concrete is an inert material which is less vulnerable to the environment than structural steel. First, virtually all steel bridges include concrete components such as deck and/ or substructure. In many cases what is labeled deterioration of a steel bridge in fact, involves the concrete components. Concrete deterioration is a subject that has been widely researched but not so widely discussed. According to the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) some of the important causes of deterioration of concrete in bridges are: Chloride contamination by de-icing salts, saline air and seawater; Sulphate attack; Thermal effects (freeze/thaw action); Poor quality concrete; Insufficient concrete cover; Lack of maintenance; Alkali-silica reactions; Ineffective drainage; Any combination of these factors, such as the use of de-icing salts in a freeze/thaw climate with ineffective bridge drainage can greatly accelerate the deterioration of the bridge, be it concrete or steel. One item mentioned above, alkali-silica reaction ASR, has been cited by the Strategic Highway Research Program, as a major cause of cracking and deterioration in concrete structures in the United States. ASR is a reaction inherent in concrete that causes it to expand and crack based on three elements in the concrete: 1) reactive forms of silica or silicate in the aggregate, 2) sufficient alkali (sodium and potassium), primarily from the cement and 3) sufficient moisture in the concrete. The combination of the silica and alkali produce a gel reaction product. When this gel reaction product encounters moisture it expands resulting in cracking of the concrete. In arid desert-like regions lack of moisture causes the ASR gel reaction product to shrink, which also produces cracks in the concrete. Although the symptoms of cracking and distress may be caused by external factors such as freezing and thawing, corrosion of reinforcing steel or plastic shrinkage, ASR is a process that occurs within the concrete itself. Stein Rostam in Concrete International made another in-depth presentation of concrete deterioration. In his article Rostam describes carbonation, the process by which CO2 is absorbed by concrete gradually reducing the alkalinity to a point where reinforcing steel loses the corrosion protection afforded by an alkaline concrete. Rostam also described chloride intrusion that attacks concrete in marine environments and whenever salt is used as a de-icing agent. In the latter case the concrete is also subjected to freeze shock causing small cracks that gradually allow chloride laden moisture to penetrate the body of concrete and attack the reinforcing steel. The result spalling and loss of reinforcing itself may not be evident initially. An article in the April 2007 issue of the Journal of Protective Linings and Coatings titled Concrete Bridges: Heading Off the Impending Durability Burden, Bob Kogler of Rampart, LLC makes the following points: *The demands of increasing age, traffic loading and the increased use of road salts has made the durability of bridge structures of all types more difficult. *The increase in the number of bridges using pre-stressed concrete structural elements has led to a large number of bridges where the high-strength steel pre-stressing strands are 28 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

31 protected from the environment and corrosion by only an inch or two of concrete cover. *Corrosion of steel strands is a major factor in a significant number of bridges in the FHWA Bridge Management Information System inventory being classified as structurally deficient. *There is a long-overdue need to consider protective coatings for concrete structures as well as targeted corrosion prevention solutions for new and existing structures. The American Concrete Institute also recognizes that concrete structures are subject to deterioration. It recommends sealing of concrete surface to reduce permeability, considered to be the single most important factor affecting the rates of deterioration from reinforcing bar corrosion, carbonation, alkalisilica reaction or freeze-thaw cycle, all of which may be occurring simultaneously. When this type of internal deterioration occurs it is very serious; the solution is expensive repair or bridge replacement. Such hidden defects in a concrete bridge are often extraordinarily difficult to detect and can lead to catastrophic collapse such as happened in 2006 to a bridge in Quebec, Canada. Built in 1970 the collapse was blamed on misplaced or missing or short rebars; probably at the girder dapped ends, something virtually impossible to detect once the bridge was completed. Structural steel deterioration on the other hand is visible and any signs of corrosion are clearly apparent which creates the impression that steel is maintenance prone. However, steel is easily repairable at almost any stage of corrosion and over the years has shown a remarkable tolerance to lack of maintenance. MYTH: Concrete bridges outlast steel bridges. REALITY: There is no credible statistical evidence to support the notion that concrete bridges outlast steel bridges. In comparing the relative durability and service life of concrete vs. steel bridges, attempts have been made to show that concrete outlasts steel when in fact the first major pre-stressed concrete highway bridge (the Walnut Lane Bridge in Philadelphia) was replaced after a service life of approximately forty years. Of course, there are examples of ill maintained and badly deteriorated steel bridges that have also been replaced. There are also many steel bridges with over 100 years of service life that are still performing adequately. Perhaps the truest picture is presented in an exhaustive study conducted at Lehigh University in 1992 by Professors David Veshofsky and Carl Beidleman. They analyzed deterioration rates for, at the time, the approximately 577,000 bridges listed in the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory. Their conclusions were 1) that superstructure material type was not an indicator of the life expectancy of a bridge, 2) age is the primary determinant of deterioration and 3) average daily traffic is the second most important determinant of deterioration. More recently in an article titled Enduring Strength published in the September 2003 issue of Civil Engineering the authors point out existing and potential problems with posttensioned concrete bridges. Corrosion of posttensioning tendons was found in a significant number of recently constructed bridges in Florida and other US states. Extensive nondestructive testing and inspection by use of a fiberscope, performed at considerable expense, revealed corrosion of strands because of improper grouting procedures and exposure of strands at bridge joints to saline atmosphere or deicing chemicals. It seems that bonded prestressing tendons are susceptible to errors that are difficult to detect and that can lead to serious structural problems. Once again, problems with steel bridges are usually ones of details such as joints and bearings. MYTH: Weathering steel performs only under ideal climatic conditions REALITY: Weathering steel performs successfully when Feature Article designed and detailed according to the published FHWA and Industry guidelines for its use. There are many cases of weathering steel bridges not conforming to the guidelines that are also performing well. When used properly, uncoated weathering steel is by far the most cost-effective material for bridges when considering either first or long-term costs. Over the years there have been some isolated problems due to a lack of understanding of the material and its subsequent misuse. The fact remains that weathering steel is acceptable in most locations. Because of isolated problems, however, it became clear that guidelines on the use of weathering steel were needed so that owners could enjoy its economic benefits with confidence. FHWA GUIDELINES In 1988, the FHWA conducted a Weathering Steel Forum to establish these guidelines. This forum brought together state departments of transportation to discussed their positive and negative experiences with weathering steel bridges. The outcome of this forum was the FHWA Technical Advisory Uncoated Weathering Steel in Structures in (These guidelines, although still valid, are currently being reviewed by FHWA and supplemented with more data.) In accordance with these FHWA guidelines, there are four considerations that must be taken into account when considering the use of weathering steel: Environmental and Site Conditions Location Design Details for Proper Drainage Maintenance An evaluation of atmospheric and site conditions at a particular site should be made before uncoated weathering steel is considered. The steel industry offers services to help owners evaluate such factors as marine atmosphere, annual rainfall, prevalence of fog, and atmospheric and industrial pollutants in order to determine whether site conditions are suitable for the use of uncoated weathering steel. Some of these factors such as saline atmosphere can adversely affect the performance of any bridge material. Excerpt from American Iron & Steel Institute publication D June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 29

32 Feature Article Prevention of Corrosion on Structural Steelwork The cost-effective corrosion protection of structural steelwork should present little difficulty for common applications and environments if the factors that affect durability are recognised at the outset. This article aims to give specifiers an insight into the factors involved. In dry heated interiors, no special precautions are necessary. Where precautions are required modern durable protective coatings are available which, when used appropriately, provide extended maintenance intervals and improved performance. The Corrosion Process Most corrosion of steel can be considered as an electro-chemical process that occurs in a series of consecutive stages. The details of this process can be summarised by the following equation: 4Fe + 3O2 + 2H2O = 2Fe2O3.H2O (Iron/Steel) + (Oxygen) + (Water) = Rust From this it can be seen that for iron and steel to corrode it is necessary to have the simultaneous presence of water and oxygen. In the absence of either, corrosion does not occur. What Affects the Rate of Corrosion? The principle factors that determine the rate of corrosion of steel in air are the time of wetness and the presence of atmospheric pollution typically present as suplhates and chlorides. Time of Wetness refers to the proportion of total time during which the surface is wet, due to rainfall, condensation, etc. Sulphates originate from sulphur dioxide gas that is produced during the combustion of fossil fuels Chlorides are mainly present in marine environments. The highest concentrations of chlorides are to be found in coastal regions, and there is a rapid reduction when moving inland. Both sulphates and chlorides increase corrosion rates as they react with the surface of the steel to produce soluble salts of iron that can concentrate in pits and are themselves corrosive. Because of variations in atmospheric environments, corrosion rate data cannot be generalized; however, environments and corresponding corrosion rates are broadly classified in BS EN ISO Part 2 and ISO Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

33 The Effect of Design on Corrosion Prevention In external or wet environments, design can have an important bearing on the corrosion of steel structures. In dry-heated interiors, no special precautions are necessary. The prevention of corrosion should, therefore, be taken into account during the design stage of a project. The main points to be considered are (1) To avoid the entrapment of moisture and dirt. The key here is to avoid the creation of cavities and crevices so that welded joints are preferable to bolted joints. Lap joints should be avoided or sealed where possible. Additionally drainage holes to prevent standing water may have to be incorporated. And (2) Coating application--the design should ensure that the selected protective coatings can be applied efficiently. Typically, this might involve ensuring adequate access for painting or adding drain/vent holes to sealed components, which will be subject to hot dip galvanizing. The Application of Protective Coatings Surface Preparation The surface preparation of steel is concerned with the removal of millscale, rust and other contaminants to provide a satisfactory substrate for coating and is generally considered to be a two stage process. The first stage of any surface preparation is to remove residues of grease, oil or marking inks. The second stage is to remove any mill scale and rust and is generally done by either hand and power tool cleaning or abrasive blast cleaning. Painting Painting is the principle method of protecting structural steelwork from corrosion. Paints are made by mixing, pigments (the coloured part), binders (the film forming component) and the solvent (which dissolves the binder). Paints are usually applied one coat on top of another and each coat has a specific function or purpose. The primer is applied directly onto the cleaned steel surface. Its purpose is to wet the surface and to provide good adhesion for subsequently applied coats. In the case of primers for steel surfaces, these are also usually required to provide corrosion inhibition. The intermediate coats (or undercoats) are applied to build the total film thickness of the system. Generally, the thicker the coating the longer the life and this may involve the application of several coats. The finishing coats provide the first line of defence against the environment and also determine the final appearance in terms of gloss, colour, etc. Hot Dip Galvanizing The most common method of applying a metal coating to structural steel is by hot-dip galvanizing. Following surface preparation as described earlier the galvanizing process involves the following stages: I. The cleaned steel is immersed in a fluxing agent to ensure good contact between the steel and zinc during the galvanizing process. II. The cleaned and fluxed steel is dipped into a bath of molten zinc at a temperature of about 450 C. At this temperature, the steel reacts with the molten zinc to form a series of zinc/iron alloys integral with the steel surface. III. As the steel workpiece is removed from the bath, a layer of relatively pure zinc is deposited on top of the alloy layers. As the zinc solidifies it usually assumes a crystalline metallic lustre, Feature Article often referred to as spangling. The thickness of the galvanized coating is influenced by various factors including the size and thickness of the workpiece, the steel surface chemistry and the surface preparation of the steel. Weathering Steels Weathering steels are high strength, lowalloy weldable structural steels that possess good weather resistance in many atmospheric conditions without the need for protective coatings. They contain up to 2.5% of alloying elements, e.g. chromium, copper, nickel and phosphorous. On exposure to air, under suitable conditions, they form an adherent protective rust patina. This acts as a protective layer that, with time, causes the corrosion rate to reduce until it reaches a low terminal level, usually between 2-5 years. Key Points 1. In dry heated interiors no special precautions are necessary. 2. The corrosion of steel can be considered as an electrochemical process. 3. For steel to corrode, it is necessary to have the simultaneous presence of water and oxygen. 4. The principle factors that determine the rate of corrosion of steel in air are the time of wetness and the presence of atmospheric pollution. 5. The prevention of corrosion should, therefore, be taken into account during the design stage of a project. 6. Painting is the principle method of protecting structural steelwork from corrosion. 7. Hot dip galvanizing is the most common method of applying a metal coating to structural steel. 8. Weathering steels are high strength, low-alloy weldable structural steels that possess good weather (Excerpt from Signs - Steel Industry Guidance Notes, SN14 04/2007) June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 31

34 With over 30 years of experience in steel fabrication, Yongnam excels in adding value to steel construction. The Company s two production facilities in Tuas, Singapore and Nusajaya, Johor, Malaysia, have a total annual production capacity of 78,000 tons of steel fabrication. Yongnam s modular strutting system, with a traceability procedure that meets the requirements of the Singapore Building and Construction Authority, is the rst to be certi ed by an independent auditor for reusability in earth retaining or stabilising structures. Its continues to give the Company a strong competitive edge in meeting increasingly more stringent design and project requirements in infrastructure and construction projects. Our key business areas are: Structural Steelworks Specialist Civil Engineering Mechanical Engineering The Company aims to be the provider of choice and partner in solutions for the steel industry. Yongnam Engineering & Construction (Private) Limited 51 Tuas South Street 5, Singapore Tel: ; Fax:

35 Framework for Sustainability l Print l Online l Events acade F SYSTEMS SYS TEMS IA IA BIMARC 2011 BIMARC 2011 India Visit us at:

36 Events SSSS members with their President, Mr. Tan Tian Chong. vents Corporate Members Night. Events Trophy Design Event. Corporate Members Night. Innovations in Design & Construction of Steel & Composite Structures Seminar. Evening Talk on Construction of F1 Pitstop Building. BCA-SSSS Scholarship. 34 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

37 Events Speakers during a coffee-break. Speakers of a symposium. Golf event. Annual Steel Design Awards. Golf event. Section of the delegates. June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 35

38 Golf Event SSSS-BCA Scholarship Fund Raising Golf Tournament 2010 & SSSS-Continental Steel Challenge Trophy On 23 July 2010, Singapore Structural Steel Society (SSSS) organised a fund-raising golf tournament for members and their business associates of the construction industry to raise funds for the BCA-SSSS Scholarship and to promote interaction among members and others in the construction industry. The venue again was the beautiful and challenging Tanjong Course of Sentosa Golf Club. The scholarship was in aid of students with outstanding results who wish to pursue higher study at tertiary level in civil and structural engineering. Three BCA-SSSS Scholarships are offered each year to eligible students - one for study at the local universities and two to study at the local polytechnics. The scholarship awarded to an university student is worth S$27,000, and the scholarship awarded to a polytechnic student is worth S$6,000. A total of 11 scholarships to five university students and six polytechnic students have been awarded to date. 36 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

39 Golf Event After a hearty buffet lunch in Sentosa Golf Club s Grand Salon at 11:30am, the shot-gun start signal was sounded at 1:30pm. Format for play was Double Peoria for the day. Novelty prizes were given for hole-in-one, longest drive and nearest-to-pin on course challenges. The Champion of the Tournament (a SSSS member) had his name engraved on the SSSS-Continental Challenge Trophy. In addition, attractive door gifts were contributed by supporters of the annual fund-raising golf tournament. A sumptuous sit-down dinner awaited the guests at 7:30pm in Grand Salon wherein a host of lucky-draw prizes were given away. All participants and guests of this year s SSSS-BCA fund raising golf event are looking forward to next year s exciting event, and having yet another chance to spend quality time with About Sentosa Golf Club s Tanjong Course... Opened in 1972 and a collaboration between Golf Course Designer, Max Wexler and Course Architect, Chris Pitman, and originally designed by Frank Pennick The Tanjong was nominated Singapore s best golf course in The Asian Golf Review for three Consecutive years from In 1993, S$40 million was spent to remodel and to build a spectacular new clubhouse. Designed for championship play from the blue tees (6,014m), the par-72 Tanjong course features natural hazards, freshwater lakes, towering trees, mounds and bunkers as well as undulating fairways with narrow landing areas. Play at the Tanjong course is a memorable experience as it is set against an alluring South China Sea backdrop and a majestic finishing at Hole #18, on its refurbished greens. colleagues, partners and guests over 18-holes of challenging golf for a good cause. Organiser Details: Ms Yvonne Tay Golf Birdies & Eagles 31 Mandai Estate #05-08 Tower Innovation Place Singapore Tel: (+65) Fax: (+65) June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 37

40 Special Features GARDENS BY THE BAY Source: Gardens by the Bay and National Parks Board In order to give its members a first-hand experience of the construction of what will become one of Singapore s iconic steel structures, Singapore Structural Steel Society s Mr Anthony Tan had organised a site visit to The Gardens By The Bay at Marina South (GBMS). When completed, it will feature two huge steel-glass structures to house plants and trees from all over the world. Source: Gardens by the Bay and National Parks Board BACKGROUND Singapore Gardens by the Bay is the largest garden project ever undertaken in Singapore, and a landscape project of world significance intended to raise Singapore s profile and cement its image as the leading garden city in the east. This project is integral to the future planning of Singapore as a major global hub and business centre. The master plan takes its inspiration from the form of the orchid flower, and has an intelligent infrastructure that allows the cultivation of plants that would not otherwise grow in Singapore. This project was won in an international design competition as part of a team led by landscape architects Grant Associates. 38 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

41 Special Features When completed, the Cool Dry and the Cool Moist Conservatories will showcase Mediterranean, tropical and temperate annual plants and flowering species. The Cool-Dry Conservatory will explore issues related to plants and people, whilst the Cool Moist Conservatory will focus on plants and the planet. The structure will be integrated with the façade system and shading system to minimise the overall silhouette that obstructs natural light entering the conservatory. More specifically, the envelope itself consists of a grid-shell-arch steel structure with a double glazed skin that sits directly on the grid shell. The façade system is an integrated part of the steel arch and grid shell system and is considered as an integral component of the overall envelope. As the main contractor for this prestigious project, Woh Hup (Pte) Ltd hosted the SSSS visitors during the site visit on 14 August The visit was arranged by Senior Technical Manager Mr Wong Keam Tong; Senior Site Manager Mr G. Gunasekaran (Guna) gave an introductory presentation about this project to the visitors. STRUCTURES IN WOH HUP (PTE) LTD S SCOPE OF WORKS : 1. Cool Dry Glass Dome 2. Cool Moist Glass Dome 3. Visual Mock-up Unit (VMU) of a small area of the final steel-glass roof 4. Visitor Hub connecting the two Domes 5. Services Tunnel 6. Three artificial Super Trees at the Lake cluster. The entire Gardens will house total 18 Trees, ranging in height from 25 m to 50 m. Project start date: March Target completion date of the project: December COOL DRY GLASS DOME (under construction) This structure spanning north-south will consist of 16 Steel Arches and a grid-shell structure made of S355 high grade steel and finished to a high architectural quality. Glass panels will be mounted on this grid-shell. The Arches are numbered starting from the centre, West side - W1 to W8; and on the East side - E1 to E8. The length of these arches ranges from metres to metres, and have a maximum height of 39 metres. The arches are designed as fixed at north base and partially fixed flexible connection at the south base. The grid-shell structure is designed as a Partially Fixed Flexible connection at perimeter base. The arches are fabricated and delivered to site by Yongnam Engineering & Construction Pte Ltd in segments of up to 22.5 metres length. These segments are joined and welded at site on top of a temporary support. Two numbers of nose segments for each arch, of a total weight of about 30 tonnes, are joined at the ground and hoisted up. The fabrication of the arches and the grid-shell are done to high accuracy Source: Gardens by the Bay and National Parks Board June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 39

42 Special Features maximum 8 mm variation at the 3 directions, mandated by the precision requirements for the grid-shell dome structure constructed beneath the steel arches, on which the glass panels will be mounted subsequently. The grid-shell is made of hot-finished triangular hollow sections. The construction involves different levels of temporary Crash Deck to support the structure and accommodate the scaffolding which are used for the installation of the steel structure and glass panels. The erection sequence for the arches is symmetrical, ie. starting with E1 and W1, followed by E2/W2, E3/W3 and so on, both sides continuing equally. Installation of the glass will begin centrally and progressively continue to the sides, in order to load the structure equally. The glass panels at the grid-shell will range in sizes from approx 1m x 2m to 2m x 3m, with a weight of up to about 400 kgs. COOL MOIST GLASS DOME (base under construction) The construction sequence for the Cool Moist Glass Dome will be identical to that of the Cool Dry Glass Dome. The crown of the arch will be a height of 59 metres. The unique aspect though is that this dome will enclose a 39m high mountain-shaped RC structure (under construction shown in the picture, left), with a waterfall at the centre of the dome. The concrete surface of this mountain will have a Green Wall. Additionally, there will be a 31m high Cloud Walk plus a 13m high Canopy Walk for the public to stroll around. Structural steel design was done by Meinhardt (Singapore). Prof S L Chan of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University and Prof Richard Liew of NUS provided independent review on second-order buckling and recommended bolted connections at certain locations of the grid-shell to better accommodate the temperature load case. VISUAL MOCK-UP UNIT (VMU) In order to ensure that the Domes are constructed to meet stringent criteria, a mockup structure was erected to actual size and to test the architectural finishes. 40 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

43 Worldsteel Short Range Outlook The World Steel Association (Worldsteel) has released its October 2010 short range outlook (SRO) for 2010 and Worldsteel forecasts that apparent steel use will increase by 13.1% to 1,272 mmt in 2010 after contracting by - 6.6% in This represents an improvement of 35 mmt over the April SRO for 2010 exceeding the precrisis peak of 1,222 mmt in In 2011, it is forecast that world steel demand will grow by 5.3% to reach a record 1,340 mmt. The worldsteel Economics Committee met in Rio de Janeiro in September 2010 to discuss the October 2010 SRO. Commenting, Daniel Novegil, Chairman of the worldsteel Economics Committee said, Our first SRO forecast after the economic crisis in 2009 suggested 8.4% growth in steel demand in We have now revised this figure up to 13.1%. This improved outlook is due to a better than expected forecast for the developed economies particularly the EU, NAFTA, and the CIS as well as the continued strong rebound in most emerging economies. This suggests a steady and stable steel recovery, and our current forecast does not foresee a double dip recession as feared by some. Despite the better than expected forecast for 2010, we are still cautious. Steel demand in the developed economies in 2011 will still be well below the pre-crisis peak level. The recovery so far has been mainly driven by the inventory cycle and government stimulus packages whose effects are now fading out. But, whether consumer and corporate spending will now pick up and continue the recovery momentum is yet to be seen. Recent economic indicators are giving us mixed signals and developments in the remaining part of this year and early next year must be watched carefully. China s apparent steel use in 2010 is expected to increase by 6.7% to 579 mmt after the strong increase of 24.8% in While China showed an increase of 9.2% in apparent steel use during the period of January to August in 2010, it is forecast that China s apparent steel use growth will slow down considerably in the remaining part of this year due to the Chinese government s effort to cool down the real estate sector and ongoing production control. In 2011, the growth rate will further slow to 3.5% with a weak real estate sector and the phasing out of stimulus packages. While the forecast for China is for a fairly low growth rate compared to other countries, Regions its apparent steel use in 2011 will be 42% above 2007 level. China will account for about 45% of world apparent steel use in India s steel demand grew 7.5% during the crisis and is expected to grow by 8.2% and 13.6% in 2010 and 2011 respectively. With 68 mmt of apparent steel use in 2011, India will become the third largest steel using country in the world after China and the US. India s steel use will be 32% above its 2007 level. In the NAFTA region, the US had a 36.2% reduction in apparent steel use in Aided by stock building activities and a recovery in manufacturing, apparent steel use in the US is expected to grow by 32.9% in 2010 and then 9.4% to 86.1 mmt in 2011, bringing it back to 79.7% of the 2007 level. For NAFTA as a whole, apparent steel use will grow by 31.3% Table: Apparent steel use (ASU) Short range outlook for apparent steel use, finished steel ( ) ASU, mmt (f) 2011 (f) (f) 2011 (f) European Union (27) % 18.9% 5.7% Other Europe % 20.1% 9.5% C.I.S % 26.5% 11.1% N.A.F.T.A % 31.3% 8.7% Central & South America % 28.2% 9.1% Africa % 5.1% 7.1% Middle East % 7.9% 4.4% Asia & Oceania % 9.2% 4.1% World 1, , , % 13.1% 5.3% Developed Economies % 23.2% 4.6% Emerging & Developing Economies % 9.5% 5.6% China % 6.7% 3.5% BRIC % 8.6% 4.9% MENA % 5.9% 5.3% World excl. China % 19.0% 6.8% and 8.7% in 2010 and 2011 respectively. In Central and South America, apparent steel use recorded a -23.6% fall in 2009, but the region s steel demand is coming back strongly thanks to recovering commodity prices, exports and renewed capital inflows. The region s apparent steel use will grow by 28.2 % in 2010 aided by a strong rebound of 34.6% in Brazil. In 2011, the region s apparent steel use will grow by 9.1% to reach 47.6 mmt, a historical high for the region and 14% higher than the 2007 level. The EU economies had a -35.7% reduction in their apparent steel use in 2009 with Spain, Italy, and the UK especially hard hit due to the collapse of their construction sectors. The recovery in the EU is turning out to be stronger than expected as the region s manufacturing exports, especially Germany s, gets a boost from the global recovery. In 2010, the region will see an increase of 18.9% in its apparent steel use on the back of inventory rebuilding and strength in the export sector. In 2011, an increase in real use is expected to drive the region s steel demand to grow by 5.7% to reach mmt, bringing it back to 75% of the 2007 peak. Japan, which experienced a fall of -32.3% in apparent steel use in 2009, will see its steel use increasing by 19.1% in 2010, much higher than expected, thanks to fiscal stimuli and strong export growth. But in 2011, its steel demand is expected to retreat by -1.4% due to tight fiscal policy, strong Yen, and weakening of its major steel using sectors. This brings Japan s apparent steel use in 2011 to 62.0 mmt, 76% of 2007 level. The recovery in the CIS region is surprisingly robust. Apparent steel use in the region fell -28.3% in 2009 with a fall of -43.0% in Ukraine. In 2010, apparent steel use in the CIS region is expected to grow by 26.5% and then by 11.1% in This brings the region s apparent steel use in 2011 to 89% of the 2007 peak. Turkey, which experienced a -16% decline in apparent steel use in 2009, will see a strong recovery of 20.5% in 2010, followed by a further 10.7% growth in 2011 to reach 24.1 mmt, which will bring its apparent steel use back to the 2007 peak level. The MENA region was stable in 2009 despite the fall in oil prices and collapse in the construction market which was offset by an expansionary fiscal stance in the GCC countries, Egypt, and Iran. The region recorded a 0.4% growth in 2009 and expected to show a 5.9% and a 5.3% growth in apparent steel use in 2010 and 2011 respectively. This will bring apparent steel use in the MENA region to 65.7 mmt, which is 17% above the 2007 level. Notes: The projections forecast by worldsteel consider both real and apparent steel use. Apparent steel use reflects the deliveries of steel to the marketplace from the domestic steel producers as well as from importers. This differs from real steel use, which takes into account steel delivered to or drawn from inventories. The Short Range Outlook is provided by the worldsteel Committee on Economic Studies which meets twice a year. The Committee membership consists of chief economists from more than 40 of the worldsteel member companies. The Committee considers country and regional demand estimates to compile a global overview on apparent steel use (ASU). The Short Range Outlook is presented to the Board for their final review before publication. Growth Rates, % Features June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 41

44 Special Features When existing steel buildings are considered for change of use or alteration, or a structural survey is required for insurance purposes or after some trauma, such as a fire, appraisal and assessment will be required. For more modern structures with comprehensive drawings, and design to modern standards, this should present little difficulty. This article concentrates on older structures, which will pose more challenges. Expert advice should be sought from experienced engineers as the article presents some general guidance only. Appraisal can be considered as the total process, involving investigations of the condition of an existing structure, its form of construction, its material, connections, fire resistance and robustness. Assessment is the calculation of the structure s adequacy, based on contemporary and historical standards and based on an understanding of materials and structural behavior. If it ain t broke, don t fix it. A structure that is clearly performing adequately in its current condition and under current loads does not necessarily require remedial work. It should be remembered that the best attempt at a rigorous analysis and calculation of stresses will only be an approximation to what is actually happening. The following questions should be considered: Bt Panjang Sports Complx p14. Appraisal of Steel Structures Eiffel tower. Is there evidence of overall problems such as instability, undersize or missing members or connections, or gross distortion? Is there evidence of distress such as excessive deflection, corrosion, distortion, cracking or fracture? Is there evidence of activity that could produce excessive deflection or aggravate distress in the future (for example leaks to cause corrosion, exposure to aggressive chemicals or seawater, exposure to substantial dynamic or repeated loading)? Will continued use, or the proposed new use, increase loadings and other actions on the structure above established existing levels? The As-Built Structure Modern structures are hardly ever constructed as the initial drawings may indicate, so it would be surprising to discover that an older building was in full accord with any drawings that may exist a thorough investigation will be essential. It s always worthwhile however to attempt to look for the following: Missing connectors (bolts, rivets, etc.). Defects in cast iron and welds such as blowholes and porosity. While some of these items should be readily visible, problems arise with painted metalwork, and embedded or encased metalwork. In such cases it may be necessary to remove paintwork by blast cleaning (taking health and safety precautions as appropriate), to open up embedded or encased metalwork for closer examination or to adopt nondestructive test methods. The uncovering of metalwork may be unwelcome, but is an important step in the appraisal process as the encasement itself may have encouraged water penetration and retention, and may therefore be concealing significant defects. In some cases, the expansion of corrosion products may be revealed by cracking in the encasement. The absence of cracks should not be considered definitive, as the encasement may have been replaced without addressing the internal defects. Structural Members and Connections Careful examination of sections to establish sizes is needed, especially with built-up members and hollow sections. Hollow cast iron sections may have an eccentric void, so investigation of the thickness at intervals around the section (and at different levels to avoid drilling at the same level) is recommended. Several references provide dimensional data for older rolled sections. It is important to locate any original records, and any records or subsequent investigations, alterations, remedial works etc. The general form of construction is likely to follow the type of construction common at the time the structure was completed, so reference to historical records, reports on similar buildings and reference works that describe construction types can be helpful in identifying design practice and forms of construction. Such documents may well indicate the type of material to be expected, and identify details which may require remedial work, and help identify where detailed investigation should be focused. 42 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

45 Special Features STC Riding Ctr. What Material? In structural applications, metals will generally be grey cast iron, wrought iron, or steel. These three materials can be distinguished principally by appearance. Dating may be helpful in corroborating visual evidence, and particularly in separating wrought iron (late 1840s to 1890s) from steel (1880s to the present day). Sampling will give definitive confirmation of material; this may be essential, especially in more recent structures where there may be stainless steel, spheroidal graphite cast iron, or cast steel. Sampling must be carefully undertaken especially if cast iron is suspected, due to its brittle behavior. Guidance is available on how and where samples should be taken. Structural Defects Examination should aim to identify and record the structural condition, including: Distortions such as bowing, bulging, local impact damage, out-of-plumb, buckling, and bolt and rivet distortions. Fractures and cracks in members and connections (with particular attention to cast iron and welds). Corrosion Overall Structural Performance In addition to the adequacy of individual members and connections to carry the self weight and externally applied loads, the structure will be required to have certain levels of robustness against disproportionate collapse. As tying requirements are relatively modern, very old structures will not have made explicit provision for this design issue. In some cases, the form of construction may provide adequate tying with no further work in others, some strengthening work may be necessary. More modern performance requirements also include the need for fire protection, where a range of solutions are possible from intumescent coatings to encasement. Remedial Work A whole range of solutions are possible to repair, replace, reinforce or relieve existing members. With older buildings of historical interest, it may be that the visual appearance of the remedial measures or the impact on the existing structure is of critical importance to the owners or regulators that need to be discussed at an early stage of development as minimal intervention may be demanded. Structures. Key Points It is important to understand the characteristics and behavior of any structural material or form of construction as a prerequisite to the appraisal process. The properties of cast and wrought iron and steel are predictable, and permit structures using these materials to be reused, adapted and upgraded. Wrought iron and steel are ductile materials. Cast iron is relatively brittle and weaker in tension than compression. The historical aspects of the use of these materials, their quality of manufacture and installation, and the design methods existing at the time, are all important considerations in the appraisal process. Material testing may be required to provide more quantitative information. Load testing may be carried out in extreme situations. Strengthening or upgrading of the existing structure often requires attachments formed by welding, bolting or clamping, or in some cases by composite action with other materials. Fire protection can be achieved by intumescent coatings, or encasement. (Excerpt from Signs Steel Industry Guidance Notes, SN41 01/2010) Amending-for-the-structures. Steel frame. June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 43

46 Calendar of Events international CALENDAR OF EVENTS September 2010 IStructE Singapore Members Night Lyrebird Function Room, Grand Copthorne Waterfront Hotel Singapore Organised by IES/IStructE Joint Committee, Singapore This members night provides a great opportunity for members of IStructure Singapore Division to network and get to know each other in a relaxing ambience and receive updates on Division activities. A sumptuous buffet dinner will be provided free of charge. Members who wish to attend the members night, however, need to register and attach a deposit cheque of S$70 made payable to the Institute of Engineer, Singapore with the registration form. The deposit cheque will be returned to the member upon showing up at the event. 4 October 11 November 2010 Certification Course for Structural Steel Engineer (StEr) BCA Academy, 200 Braddell Road, Singapore Duration: 11 evenings (33 hours); Twice per week, Mon & Thurs, pm) Fee w/gst: S$1, (SSSS members); S$1,380 (non-ssss members) Fees include course materials and refreshments. Car parking is on first-come first-serve basis. Accreditation: PEB 33 PDUs; IES (for RTO/ RE) 33 STUs Contact: Tel: (+65) or The course is open to and recommended for practical engineers, architects, M&E engineers, contractors, specialist sub-contractors and suppliers who wish to elarn the design and safety aspects of steel construction. Sporenburg-Borneo-Bridge. 19 October 2010 New IIW-CIDECT-Draft ISO Design Recommendations for Tubular Joints Philosophy, Logic & Background by Professor Jaap Wardenier Time: pm (Refreshments will be served at 3.30pm) Venue: Room EA-02-11, Faculty of Engineering, NUS Contact: Professor Choo Yoo Sang, Tel: (+65) ; General Enquiry/Registration: Ms Norela, Tel: (+65) ; Poressor Jaap Wardenier (Visiting Professor NUS, Singapore and Emeritus Professor Delf University of Technology, The Netherlands) will speak about the philosophy, logic and background of the design recommendations of the IIW Design Procedure for Welded Hollow Section Joints. 25 October 2 December 2010 Certification Course for Structural Steel Supervisors (StS) Duration: 11 evenings. Mon & Thur (6.30pm 9.30pm), Fee includes course materials and refreshments Venue: BCA Academy, 200 Braddell Road, Singapore Fee (w/gst): S$ (SSSS members) S$ (non-ssss members) Fee payable by company under SDF Training Assistance Scheme (TAS) with GST With normal funding: S$ (SSSS members) S$ (non-ssss members) With Mature Worker Funding: S$ (SSSS members) S$ (non-ssss members) Accreditation: PEB (pending) IES (for RTO/RE) 27 STUs Contact: Tel: (+65) ; Website: This course is open to and recommended for practicing architects, structural engineers, M & E engineers, contractors, specialists sub-contractors and suppliers who wish to be updated and gain knowledge in steel structural construction. Steel Structure. Venue: Tun Dr. Ismail Hall, Putra World Trade Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Contact: Fax: (+603) ; mssa.org.my; Website: November 2010 Two-Day Course on Structural Design to Eurocodes EC4 (Composite Construction) and Fire Engineering Organiser: IES/IStructE Joint Committee Speakers: Prof Roger Plank (Bsc, PhD, CEng, MICE, FIStructE) & Dr Buick Davison (BEng, PhD, CEng, MICE) Time: 8.30am 5.30pm Venue: Novotel Clark Quay Singapore, River Valley Road CPD: PDUs to be confirmed Fees: S$888 (IES/ISructE members) S$988 (non-members) Contact: Ms Angela Loke Tel: (+65) ; Fax: (+65) ; Closing date: 12 November 2010 Day 1 - Design of Composite Structures to EN 1994: Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures. Day 2 Structural Fire Engineering Design in Accordance with the Eurocodes December 2010 Conference on Structural Marvels Organiser: IES/IStructE Joint Committee, Singapore Venue: Marina Bay Sands, Singapore Accreditation: For the two-day course, PEB has accredited 12 PDUs; CPD (for SIA members) has accredited 3 Points Contact: Ms Angela Loke Tel: (+65) ; Fax: (+65) ; In addition to the opening address by IStructE President Norman Train, there will be a total of 13 invited lectures presented during the 1.5-day conference and half-day site visit to view some man-made marvels in Singapore December th International Symposium on Tubular Structures Venue: Hong Hong, China Contact: 2 November 2010 Website: Malaysia Structural Steel Association International The 13th International Symposium will take Denok 2008 veltkamp deltaribs building. Convention 2010: Steel Construc- place in Hong Kong, from December 15 to 17, tions A World Perspective 44 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

47 Calendar of Events This Symposium is considered the principal showcase for tubular structures and the prime international forum for discussion of research, developments and applications in this field. The conference would be of interest to manufacturers of hollow sections or related construction products, architects, trade associations, design engineers, steel fabricators, owners or developers of tubular structures, researchers, academics and postgraduate students January 2011 SSSS Networking Golf Social Networking Golf with Lucky Draw Venue: Laguna National Golf & Country Club (LNGCC) Master Course (pm/timesheets) Fees: S$1,200 per flight (SSSS members) S$1,600 per flight (non-ssss members) Closing Date: 21 December 2010 Payment: Cheques to be made payable to Singapore Structural Steel Society (Write name and contact info on reverse side of cheque.). Fax registration form to Tel (+65) while preparing cheque payment and mail by post to Golf Birdies & Eagles before closing date. Contact: Ms Yvonne Tay; Tel: (+65) ; Mailing Address: 31 Mandai Estate, #05-08 Tower Innovation Place, Singapore , Attn: Ms Yvonne Tay January 2011 EASEC 12: The 12th East Asia-Pacific Conferencde on Strcutural Engineering & Construction: One World, Many Challenges Organiser: Dept. of Buildings and Construction, City University of Hong Kong Supporter: The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers Joint Structural Division Venue: Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre Contact: Dept of Building and Construction, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, PRC; Prof. Kitipornchai, S (Conference Chairman), Dr Lam, Heung Fai (Secretary General) Website: wp_home_news.asp The conference will be hosted by the Department of Building and Construction, City University of Hong Kong. EASEC was founded by Professor Fumio Nishino, and the first conference was held in Steel highway bridge. Bangkok during January Thereafter, the conference has been held in Thailand, China, Korea, Australia, Taiwan, Japan, Singapore and Indonesia. The objective of the Conference is to provide a forum for professional structural and construction engineers and researchers to present recent progress in research and development, and to report implementation of new tools and technologies in practical applications. 15 February th International Conference on Dam Engineering Venue: Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Lisbon, Portugal Contact: John S Y Tan, Tel: (065) , Fax: (065) , The Conference will be a forum for dissemination and discussion of the latest advances in the broad area of Dam Engineering, please refer to the Conference Themes page to check for the main themes to be addressed during the Conference. You are also welcome to propose a Thematic Session. Previously to the Conference, on the 14th of February, 2011, two special One-Day Courses will be held at LNEC March 2011 The Professor LEE SENG LIP Symposium - A tribute to his contributions to Civil Engineering Education, Research, and Practice Organiser: The Department of Civil Engineering, National University of Singapore Venue: Goodwood Park Singapore Contact: May th International Conference on Steel, Space and Composite Structures (SS11) Organiser: Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus, Turkey Supporting Organisations: China Steel Construction Society, China; The Hong Kong Institute of Steel Construction, Hong Kong SAR China; The Singapore Structural Steel Society, Singapore Venue: North Cyprus, Turkey (exact location to be announced) Contact: Tel: (+65) , Fax: (+65) Website: 28 June 2011 Singapore Structural Steel Society 27th Annual Lecture & Dinner Venue: (to be announced) 5-7 July th International Conference on Conceptual Approach to Structural Design Venue: Milan, Italy Conference Chairman: Prof Franco Mola Contact: Mumbai July 2011 The 7th International Conference on Steel & Aluminium Structures (ICSAS) 2011 Venue: Kuching Sarawak Malaysia Organiser: Curtin University of Technology, Sarawak Malaysia Contact: Civil & Construction Engineering Dept, School of Engineering & Science, Curtin University of Technology- Sarawak Campus, Tel: (+60) ; Fax: (+60) ; This conference brings together international experts and leaders in the fields to disseminate recent research findings in the analysis and modeling of steel or aluminium structures. The conference will also provide a forum for the discussion of the developments in the design and construction of steel and aluminium structures. Steel and aluminium structure designers and manufacturers, engineers, architects, researchers, academics and post-graduate students will find the conference informative. 12 August 2011 SSSS-BCA Scholarship Fund Raising Golf Tournament 2011 & SSSS-Continental Steel Challenge Trophy Venue: Sentosa Golf Club (course to be announced), Grand Salon (lunch/dinner) Time: 11.30am 10pm Contact: Ms Yvonne Tay; Tel: (+65) ; Mailing Address: 31 Mandai Estate, #05-08 Tower Innovation Place, Singapore , Attn: Ms Yvonne Tay Singapore Structural Steel Society s annual fund raising golf tournament for members and their business associates of the construction industry to raise funds for the BCA- SSSS Scholarship and to promote interaction amongst members and others in the construction industry. A SSSS members being the Champion of the Tournament will have his of her name engraved on the SSSS-Continental Challenge Trophy. There will be many novelty prizes awarded and lucky draw prizes awarded at the after-game dinner. 14 August th Conference on Our World in Concrete and Structures Venue: Singapore (exact location to be announced) Dedicated to Prof Olafur Wallevik, Iceland Conference Chairman: Prof Gary K C Ong Website: June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 45

48 CORRECT ANSWERS TO QUIZ QUESTIONS FOUND ON PAGES (1) What is the angle of inclination of the top chord of the Jiak Kim Bridge across the Singapore River? (a) 68 degrees (b) 72 degrees (correct answer) (c) 75 degrees 5) The Read Bridge across the Singapore River was also referred to by locals as what bridge? (a) Saiboo Bridge (b) Malacca Bridge (correct answer) (c) Raffles Bridge (9) In blast furnace operations, what does PCI stand for? (a) Pulverised Carbon Injection (b) Pulverised Coal Injection (correct answer) (c) Pulverised Coke Injection (2) What is the plan diameter of Sports Hub dome? (a) 312m (correct answer) (b) 322m (c) 325m (3) What is the name of this steel suspension bridge across the Singapore River completed in 1869? (a) Coleman Bridge (b) Anderson Bridge (c) Cavenagh Bridge (correct answer) 4) What is the weight of the spherical steel tuned mass damper suspended from the 92nd floor of the Taipei 101 building in metric tonnes? (a) 660 metric tones (correct answer) (b) 728 metric tones (c) 900 metric tonnes (6) What material was the Eiffel Tower made of? (a) Cast Steel (b) Puddled iron (correct answer) (c) Carbon Steel (7) What material were the rivets used in the ill-fated Titanic made of? (a) wrought iron (correct answer) (b) cast iron (c) pig iron 8) The deck of the longest cable-stayed bridge in the world (Sutong Bridge, China) was made of structural steel. What was the longest span of this bridge? (a) 1088 metres (correct answer) (b) 1188 metres (c) 1288 metres (10) What is the height of the tallest steel structure building in the world, the Willis Tower, formerly known as the Sears Tower in Chicago? (a) 448 metres (b) 442 metres (correct answer) (c) 338 metres 46 Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

49 Members List SSSS Corporate Members List by Category COATING SPECIALISTS FASTCOAT INDUSTRIES PTE LTD 106 International Road Singapore Tel: Fax: HEMPEL ASIA PACIFIC 25 Tuas Avenue 11 Singapore Tel: Fax: INTERNATIONAL PAINT SINGAPORE PTE LTD 3 Neythal Road Singapore Tel: Fax: SUPER GALVANISING PTE LTD 1A Pioneer Sector Walk Singapore Tel: Fax: CONTRACTORS ACL CONSTRUCTION (S) PTE LTD 3 Tuas Drive 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: ACES SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PTE LTD 10 Kaki Bukit Road #03-35 Singapore Tel: Fax: ALFASI CONSTRUCTION (S) PTE LTD 390 Havelock Road #07-06 King s Centre Singapore Tel: Fax: ARCELORMITTAL SINGAPORE PTE LTD 72 Anson Road #08-00 Anson House Singapore Tel: Fax: CHINA INTERNATIONAL WATER & ELECTRIC CORP (S) PTE LTD #09-09 Parkway Parade 80 Marine Parade Road Singapore Tel: Fax: CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD 460 Alexandra Road #27-01 PSA Building Singapore Tel: Fax: DICKER STEELFAST PTE LTD 25 Gul Drive Jurong Industrial Estate Singapore Tel: Fax: DN JOOCON PTE LTD 143 Woodlands Industrial Park E5, E-Terrace Singapore Tel: Fax: FONDA CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 2 Tuas View Square Intellect Building Singapore Tel: Fax: FOO HENG CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 78 Geylang Bahru # Singapore Tel: Fax: FMB TRADING & ENGINEERING 15 Kranji Link Singapore Tel: Fax: GREENLEAF INDUSTRIES PTE LTD 21A Senoko Loop Lim Soon Industrial Building Singapore Tel: Fax: GUANGDONG HUA YU STEEL STRUCTURES ENGINEERING CO LTD Shangjie Industry Zone Qishi Town, Dongguan City Guangdong, PR China Tel: Fax: HAI LECK ENGINEERING PTE LTD 47 Tuas View Circuit Singapore Tel: Fax: HO HENG CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING PTE LTD 1 Pioneer Sector 2 Singapore Tel: Fax: HO SENG LEE CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 200 Jaln Sultan #04-25 Textile Centre Singapore Tel: Fax: ICON ENGINEERING SERVICES PTE LTD 17 Tuas Street Singapore Tel: Fax: IMCS CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 180 Paya Lebar Road #03-06 Yi Guang Fty Bldg Singapore Tel: Fax: JOO LOONG ENGINEERING PTE LTD 32 Sungei Kadut Way #03-04 Teambuild Industrial Building Singapore Tel: Fax: JRP & ASSOCIATES PTE LTD 2 Woodlands Sector 1 #05-05 Singapore Tel: Fax: June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 47

50 Members List JIAN HUANG CONSTRUCTION CO PTE LTD 63 Hillview Avenue #08-03 Lam Soon Industrial Building Singapore Tel: Fax: KAI ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 148 Potong Pasir Avenue 1 #02-29 Singapore Tel: Fax: KA BUILDING CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 10 Ubi Crescent #06-99 UBI Techpark Lobby E Singapore Tel: Fax: KIM SENG HENG ENGINEERING CONSTRUCTION (PTE) Ltd 36 Senoko Road Singapore Tel: Fax: KIRBY SOUTH EAST ASIA CO., LTD. 4th Floor, ABC Building Suite Pho Quang Street Tan Binh District Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam Tel: Fax: KORI CONSTRUCTION (S) PTE LTD 118 Lorong 23 Geylang #06-01 SCN Industrial Building Singapore Tel: Fax: LANCO CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING PTE LTD 50 Tuas Basin Link Singapore Tel: Fax: MEGASTONE HOLDINGS PTE LTD 25E Sungei Kadut Street 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: PRELIM CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD #02-21 AMK Techlink 20 Ang Mo Kio Ind Park 2A Singapore Tel: Fax: PEC Ltd 21 Shipyard Road Singapore Tel: Fax: PRIME STRUCTURES ENGINEERING PTE LTD 182 Tagore Lane Singapore Tel: Fax: PROGRESSIVE BUILDERS PTE LTD Boon Lay Way Tradehub 21 Singapore Tel: Fax: S.A. ENGINEERING PTE LTD 1 Tannery Road #06-03 One Tannery Singapore Tel: Fax: SHARIKAT NATIONAL STEEL PTE LTD 6 Kwong Min Road Singapore Tel: Fax: SHINDE ENTERPRISE PTE LTD 7 Keppel Road #01-26B Tanjong Pagar Complex Singapore Tel: Fax: SIN LEE HENG IRON WORKS AWNING PTE LTD 40 Tagore Lane Singapore Tel: Fax: SINO NEW STEEL PTE LTD 55 Sungei Kadut Drive Singapore Tel: Fax: SKYA CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 322 Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim Singapore Tel: Fax: SOON CHIANG HENG DECORATION & ENGINEERING WORK CONTRACTORS 10 Admiralty Street #02-43 North Link Building Singapore Tel: Fax: SRN ENGINEERING PTE LTD 25 Sungei Kadut Street 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: STEEL GLO ENGINEERING (S) PTE LTD 7 Toh Guan Road East #02-08 Alpha Ind Bldg Tel: Fax: STEELTECH INDUSTRIES PTE LTD 6A Joo Koon Circle Singapore Tel: Fax: THE SHELTER COMPANY PTE LTD 80 Genting Lane #05-08 Ruby Industrial Complex Singapore Tel: Fax: SYSCON PTE LTD 30 Tuas Bay Drive Singapore Tel: Fax: WOH HUP (PTE) LTD 1 Fifth Avenue #03-01 Guthrie House Singapore Tel: Fax: Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

51 Members List DRAFTING SERVICES YAE MALAYSIA SDN BHD 41-3AA Jalan Pju 1/3C Petaling Jaya, Malaysia Tel: Fax: FABRICATORS 19-ANC ENTERPRISE PTE LTD 4002 Depot Lane #01-43 Singapore ANDERCO PTE LTD 3 Tuas View Circuit #04-00 LBG Building Singapore Tel: Fax: ASIABUILD METAL TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD 32 Sungei Kadut Way #02-02 Singapore Tel: Fax: ASIA METAL ENGINEERING & TRADING PTE LTD 30 Jalan Buroh Singapore Tel: Fax: BOON CHANG STRUCTURE PTE LTD 60 Woodlands Ind Park E7 Singapore Tel: Fax: CHIN EE ENGINEERING WORKS 3013 Bedok Ind Park E # Singapore Tel: Fax: CHIN HO IRON WORKS 19 Tuas Road Singapore Tel: Fax: CHINA JINGYE ENGINEERING CORPORATION LIMITED (Singapore Branch) 21 Bukit Batok Crescent #19-73 WCEGA Tower Singapore Tel: Fax: CHYE HENG HUAT ENGINEERING PTE LTD 27 Senang Crescent Singapore Tel: Fax: DN HYBRID PTE LTD 143 Woodlands, Industrial Park E5 E-Terrace Singapore Tel: Fax: DOUBLE Y BUILDERS PTE LTD 2 Woodlands Industrial Park E3 Singapore Tel: Fax: ENG HOE ENGINEERING WORKS 5 Ang Mo Kio Ind Park 2A #06-08 Singapore Tel: Fax: ENG LEE ENGINEERING PTE LTD 12 KianTeck Crescent Singapore Tel: Fax: ENG MENG METAL CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 5026 Ang Mo Kio Ind Park 2 #01-97 Singapore Tel: Fax: FA YEW CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 39 Sungei Kadut St 6 Singapore Tel: Fax: FOO HENG CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 78 Geylang Bahru # Singapore Tel: Fax: GREEN STAR PRODUCTS (S) PTE LTD 531 Yishun Industrial Park A Singapore Tel: Fax: G-TECH METAL PTE LTD 110 Woodlands Ind Park E3 Singapore Tel: Fax: HETAT PTE LTD 19 Tuas Avenue 20 Singapore Tel: Fax: HOCK YONG HENG GENERAL CONTRACTOR PTE LTD 57 Defu Lane 12 Singapore Tel: Fax: HOE HOE ENGINEERING PTE LTD 62 Woodlands Industrial Park E9 Singapore Tel: Fax: HONG GIAP ENGINEERING Pte Ltd 217 Kranji Road Singapore Tel: Fax: HUP KWAY ENGINEERING WORKS 10 Defu Lane # Singapore Tel: Fax: HUP LIAN ENGINEERING PTE LTD 56 Senoko Road Singapore Tel: Fax: June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 49

52 Members List HWEE METAL WORKS PTE LTD 1 Chia Ping Road Singapore Tel: Fax: I-MAX ENGINEERING PTE LTD 154 Tagore Lane Singapre Tel: Fax: JS METAL PTE LTD 2C Mandai Estate Singapore Tel: Fax: KASZON PTE LTD 10 Hoe Chiang Road #27-02 Keppel Towers Singapore Tel: Fax: KKB ENGINEERING BERHAD Lot 865, Section 66, Jalan Kilang Bintawa Ind. Estate Kuching, Sarawak Malaysia Tel: Fax: KONG HWEE IRON WORKS & Construction Pte Ltd 7 Senoko South Road Singapore Tel: Fax: KOON HUI ENGINEERING WORKS PTE LTD 96 Tuas Avenue 11 Jurong Industrial Estate Singapore Tel: Fax: LANCO CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING PTE LTD 23 Neythal Road Singapore Tel: Fax: LAI YEW SENG PTE LTD 7 Toa Payoh Industrial Park Lorong 8 # /1249 Singapore Tel: Fax: LBE ENGINEERING PTE LTD 1 Tuas View Close Tradelink Place Singapore Tel: Fax: LEE YUEN ENGINEERING PTE LTD 146 Woodlands Industrial Park E5 Singapore Tel: /3 Fax: LEONG SIEW WENG ENGINEERING PTE LTD 1 Tuas Avenue 11 Singapore Tel: Fax: LIAN GAY CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 9005 Tampines Street 93 # Singapore Tel: Fax: LIXIN ENGINEERING PTE LTD 50 Tuas Basin Link Singapore Tel: Fax: PAN SIN ENGINEERING PTE LTD 3 Defu Lane 10 # Singapore Tel: Fax: PERMA STEEL CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 11 Sungei Kadut Street 2 Singapore Tel: Fax: POLLISUM ENGINEERING PTE LTD 41 Senoko Way Singapore Tel: Fax: PPI INDUSTRIES SDN BHD 2431 Lorong Perusahaan 10 Prai Industrial Estate Prai, Penang Malaysia Tel: Fax: SAM LECK METAL WORKS PTE LTD 133 Kallang Way 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: SENG LEONG PROJECT PTE LTD 13 Tuas Avenue 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: SHANGHAI BAOYE CONSTRUCTION CORP., LTD 168 Siyuan Road Baoshan District Shanghai PR CHINA Tel: Fax: SHANGHAI TONGLEI CONSTRUCTION STEEL PRODUCT CO LTD Baoshan District Luodian Development Zone Hhtai Road 8458 Shanghai PR CHINA Tel: SHANGHAI TONGXIAO STEEL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING CO LTD Rm 601 No 2 Jinfang Building Hutai Road Shanghai PR China Mobile: Fax: SHANGHAI ZHENGHE STEEL STRUCTURE CO LTD 18 Wuqiao Beihuan Road FenXian District Shanghai PR China Tel: Fax: Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

53 Members List SHAO FOOK ENGINEEERING PTE LTD 13A Pandan Cresent Singapore Tel: Fax: SIN HONG SENG ENGINEERING PTE LTD 66A Senoko Road Singapore Tel: Fax: SIN HONG STEEL WORKS PTE LTD 59J & 59H Tuas South Avenue 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: SINGAPORE JINGGONG STEEL STRUCTURE PTE LTD 1769 Geylang Bahru #02-03 Kallang Distri Park Singapore Tel: Fax: s SINMAH CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING PTE LTD 3018 Eastlink Bedok North Street 5 #05-42 Singapore Tel: Fax: SINO NEW STEEL PTE LTD 158 Gul Circle Singapore Tel: Fax: SRN ENGINEERING PTE LTD 25 Sungei Kadut Street 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: STARBURST ENGINEERING Pte Ltd 6 Tuas West Street Singapore Tel: Fax: STEELTECH INDUSTRIES PTE LTD 6A Joo Koon Circle Singapore Tel: Fax: STELATEX (HOLDING) PTE LTD 21 Senoko Drive Singapore Tel: Fax: STERLING ENGINEERING PTE LTD 21 Kranji Link Singapore Tel: Fax: SUNLINK ENGINEERING PTE LTD 6 Kian Teck Crescent Singapore Tel: Fax: THI ENGINEERING & Construction Pte Ltd 129 Kallang Way 2 Singapore Tel: Fax: TORSCO SDN BHD Lot Pt 538 & 595 Lumut Port Ind Park Sitiawan Perak, Malaysia Tel: Fax: TRISTAR ENGINEERING PTE LTD 22 Woodlands Link #03-17/18 Woodlands Industrial Estate Singapore Tel: Fax: TTJ DESIGN & ENGINEERING PTE LTD 57 Pioneer Road Singapore Tel: Fax: UNESIS ENGINEERING PTE LTD 32 Tuas South Avenue 2 Tuas Bay Industrial Center Singapore Tel: Fax: VICTOR BUYCK STEEL CONSTRUCTION LOT 51 Oakland Industrial Park Seremban, N Sembilan Malaysia Tel: Fax: WELDANPOWER ENTERPRISES & ENGINEERING SERVICES PTE LTD 6 Tuas South Street 2 #01-06 Singapore Tel: Fax: WILLIAM HARE (SEA) PTE Ltd 10 Norfolk Road #07-12 Singapore WING TUCK ENGINEERING PTE LTD 3 Senoko Link Singapore Tel: Fax: WY STEEL CONSTRUCTION PTE LTD 9A Sungei Kadut Way Singapore Tel: Fax: YONGNAM ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION (PTE) LTD 51 Tuas South Street 5 Singapore Tel: Fax: YU GYO ENGINEERING & TRADING PTE LTD 210 Woodlands Industrial Park E9 Singapore Tel: Fax: ZAMIL STEEL BUILDINGS VIETNAM CO LTD 143 Woodlands Industrial Park E5 E Terrace Singapore Tel: Fax: ZECON ENGINEERING WORKS PTE LTD 164 Woodlands Industrial Park E5 Singapore Tel: Fax: June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 51

54 Members List ZHEJIANG HANGXIAO STEEL STRUCTURE CO LTD 218 Zhonghe Zhong Lu, 3rd Flr, Ruifeng Bldg Xiaoshan, Hangzhou, Zhejiang China Tel: Fax: ZHENGDA CORPORATION PTE LTD 10 Admiralty Street #06-82 Northlink Building Singapore Tel: Fax: IT SPECIALISTS INNOCOM TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD 18 Kaki Bukit Road 3 #04-09 Entrepreneur Business Center Singapore Tel: Fax: MANUFACTURERS BLUESCOPE LYSAGHT (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD 18 Benoi Sector Jurong Town Singapore Tel: Fax: PUBLIC SECTOR AGENCY BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY 5 Maxwell Road #17-00 Tower Block MND Complex Singapore STOCKISTS CONTINENTAL STEEL PTE LTD 100 Gul Circle Singapore Tel: Fax: HUPSTEEL LIMITED 116 Neythal Road Singapore Tel: Fax: REGENCY STEEL ASIA PTE LTD 8 Cross Street #24-03 PWC Building Singapore Tel: Fax: MARUBENI-ITOCHU STEEL PTE LTD 2 Shenton Way #07-02 SGX Centre 1 Singapore Tel: Fax: BLUESCOPE STEEL ASIA PTE LTD 20 Anson Road #09-01 Twenty Anson Singapore Tel: Fax: TATA STEEL INTERNATIONAL (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD 24 Raffles Place #13-02 Clifford Centre Singapore Tel: Fax: LCP BUILDING PRODUCTS PTE LTD 11 Benoi Place Singapore Tel: Fax: Steel News & Notes June 2010 September 2010

55 Steelies Awards 4 Steelies Awards Launched at worldsteel-44 in Tokyo, Japan On 6 Oct 2010 at the farewell dinner to close the 44th annual steel industry conference, the World Steel Association (worldsteel) hosted its first ever Steel Awards ceremony. The trophies, known as Steelies, were awarded in seven categories. The categories, nominations and winners were: 1. Steel Industry website of the year: Tata Steel (Final nominations - ArcelorMittal, Essar Steel, POSCO, Tata Steel, Tenaris) 2. Worldsteel activity of the year: WorldAutoSteel (Final nominations - By-Products Report, Launch of the 2010 global steel life cycle inventory, WorldAutoSteel s future steel vehicle lightweight body programme, Living Steel s international architecture competition, virtual steelmaking on steeluniversity.org) Innovation of the year: Baosteel (Final nominations - Nippon Steel, ThyssenKrupp, Baosteel, voestalpine) Excellence in sustainability reporting: POSCO (Final nominations - POSCO, ArcelorMittal, Tenaris, Rautaruukki) Journalist of the Year: Peter Marsh, Financial Times (Final nominations - Alex MacDonald, Dow Jones; Roger Manser, SBB; Peter Marsh, Financial Times; Robert Guy Matthews, Wall Street Journal; Philip Price, Metal Bulletin) Life cycle analysis leadership: Tata Steel Europe (Final nominations - ArcelorMittal, Baosteel, Tata Steel Europe) 5 7. Industry communicator of the year: Lakshmi Mittal (Final nominations - Hajime Bada, Ian Christmas, Daniel DiMicco, Lakshmi Mittal, Shan Shanghua, John Surma) The Steelies winners were selected through nominations by member companies to the relevant worldsteel committees followed by final selection by expert panels. Journalist of the year and communicator of the year were selected by direct vote. About World Steel Association Worldsteel is one of the largest and most dynamic industry associations in the world. Worldsteel represents approximately 180 steel producers (including 19 of the world s 20 largest steel companies), national and regional steel industry associations, and steel research institutes. Worldsteel members produce around 85% of the world s steel June 2010 September 2010 Steel News & Notes 53

56 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month AS-003 Teum Yeen Wah Associate Member 1985 Mar AS-015 Phey Yew Poh, William Associate Member 1989 Aug AS-029 Wee Chow Wei Associate Member 1993 Sep AS-031 Zuzarte Julie Associate Member 1993 Dec AS-034 Tang Fook Choy Associate Member 1994 May AS-035 Wong Chong Yann Associate Member 1994 Sep AS-036 Tan Kah Tiang Shirley Associate Member 1994 Oct AS-042 Ang Toh Seng Associate Member 1999 Feb AS-043 Tan Ann Kiong Associate Member 1999 Feb AS-048 Nagalingam JeyaliNgam Associate Member Jul AS-049 Choo Che Choi Associate Member Oct AS-051 Chow Chen Hai, Oliver Associate Member Dec AS-052 Lim Cheng Yong, Ernest Associate Member Feb AS-053 David Rowell Foo Associate Member Sep AS-054 Teh Swee Huat Associate Member Jan AS-055 Loke Peng Khuan, Sunny Associate Member Dec AS-056 Bustamam Koshni Associate Member Mar AS-057 Yeow Ee Seong Associate Member Mar AS-058 Ho Hwee Seng Associate Member Aug AS-059 Gay Chin Teck, Jason Associate Member Aug AS-060 Ng How See Associate Member Jan AS-061 Jayapal Aravinthan Associate Member Jan AS-062 Goh Cheng Siong Associate Member Apr AS-063 Tan Keng Chow Associate Member Apr AS-064 Tao Chin Ee Associate Member May AS-065 Gutierrez Raymundo Fernandez Associate Member May AS-066 Tan Haiguan, Roger Associate Member May AS-067 Toh Khye Tham, Patrick Associate Member May AS-068 Aw Chin Siang Associate Member Jun AS-069 Chan Chong Associate Member Jun AS-070 Hoe Bock Teck Associate Member Jun AS-071 Ang Beng Heng, Royston Associate Member Jun AS-072 Chiang Chih Shu Associate Member Jul AS-073 Thani Arasu Tam Associate Member Jul AS-074 Karikeyan Karunanithy Associate Member Jul AS-075 Goh Boon Lam, Henry Associate Member Jul AS-076 Teo Keng How Associate Member Jul AS-077 Soh Yee Geok, Helen Associate Member Aug AS-078 Lim Song Kiat, Alex Associate Member Aug AS-079 Chew Teng Yeow, Desmond Associate Member Aug AS-080 Chua Wee Loong Associate Member Aug AS-081 Lok Kok Chuang Associate Member Oct AS-082 Tai Yoon Cheng Associate Member Oct AS-083 San Kyaw Associate Member Nov AS-084 Chan Terence Associate Member Jan AS-085 Balusamy Kannan Associate Member Jan AS-086 Low Chee Keong Associate Member Jan AS-087 Zin Oo Associate Member Jan AS-088 Ang Kwang Thia Associate Member Feb AS-089 Wong Fook Nyen Alan Associate Member Feb AS-090 Loo Cheng Loo Associate Member Apr AS-091 Wong Pooi Leong Associate Member Apr AS-092 Than Tun Win Associate Member Apr 54 Steel News & Notes June September 2010

57 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month AS-093 Yeyint Win Kyaw Associate Member Apr AS-094 Karuppaiya Selvaraju Associate Member Apr AS-095 Yeo Chun Liang, Eugene Associate Member May AS-096 Leow Choon Keat Associate Member May AS-097 Leo Martin Amalraj Associate Member May AS-098 Kyikyi Mon Associate Member May AS-099 Chin Hoe Fah Associate Member May AS-100 Tan Chong Choon, Mark Associate Member May AS-101 Teo Kiong Associate Member Jun AS-102 Arunachalam Muthiah Associate Member Jun AS-103 Tay Philip Associate Member Jun AS-104 Wong Yoon Fatt Associate Member Jul AS-105 Teow Chwee Tee Associate Member Jul AS-106 Muhammad Bin A Samad Associate Member Sep AS-107 Aung Hsu Myat Associate Member Sep AS-108 Mohammad Mahboobur Associate Member Oct Rahman AS-109 Balakrishnan Maganthiran Associate Member Oct HF-001 KrishnamUrthy N Honorary Fellow Oct HF-002 Lee Seng Lip Honorary Fellow Oct HF-004 Chen W F Honorary Fellow May HF-005 Cheung Y K Honorary Fellow Jul HF-006 Dowling Patrick J Honorary Fellow Apr HF-007 Evans H R Honorary Fellow May HF-009 Suko Masaaki Honorary Fellow May HF-010 Robertson Leslie E Honorary Fellow Feb HF-011 Wardenier Jaap Honorary Fellow Aug HF-012 Nethercot David A Honorary Fellow May HF-013 Hancock Gregory J Honorary Fellow Jul HF-014 Lim Soon Heng Honorary Fellow Oct HF-015 Lau Y S Honorary Fellow Oct HF-016 ShanMugam N E Honorary Fellow Oct HF-017 Choo Yoo Sang Honorary Fellow Oct HF-018 Bijlaard Frans Sk Honorary Fellow Aug HF-019 Chan Siu Lai Honorary Fellow Aug HF-020 Chiew Sing Ping Honorary Fellow 1988 Sep HF-021 Lim Keng Kuok Honorary Fellow 1995 Mar HF-022 Liew Jat Yuen, Richard Honorary Fellow 1988 Mar OM-002 Tan S Y, John Ordinary Member Oct OM-003 Lim Kim Cheong Ordinary Member Oct OM-020 Wee Hian Wen, Simon Ordinary Member Oct OM-029 Wong Yat Sun Ordinary Member Oct OM-031 Chan Swee Meng Ordinary Member Oct OM-033 Tan Ee Ping Ordinary Member Oct OM-035 Song Wee Ngee Ordinary Member Oct OM-039 Ong Gary K C Ordinary Member Oct OM-044 Ng Hong Wah Ordinary Member Oct OM-049 Goh Kok Hwa Ordinary Member Oct OM-051 Chi Tony Ordinary Member Oct OM-053 Lim Pun Su Ordinary Member Oct OM-054 Tan Bin Keong Ordinary Member Oct OM-064 Ng Soon Hua Ordinary Member Oct OM-072 Tan Chin Kiang Ordinary Member Oct OM-074 Lim Yan Ping Ordinary Member Oct OM-079 Koh Phee Leong Ordinary Member Oct June September 2010 Steel News & Notes 55

58 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-082 Hwang Teng Sun, Louis Ordinary Member 1984 Oct OM-086 Lim Song King Ordinary Member 1984 Oct OM-088 Lai Huen Poh Ordinary Member 1984 Oct OM-091 Mak Seck Hong Ordinary Member 1984 Oct OM-095 Chan Kok Siong Ordinary Member 1984 Oct OM-098 Chia Siew Meng Ordinary Member 1984 Nov OM-103 Low Kam Fook Ordinary Member 1984 Nov OM-110 Tan Seng Chuan Ordinary Member 1985 Jan OM-112 Lim Hung Tjung, Henry Ordinary Member 1985 Jan OM-117 Teo Kim Leng Ordinary Member 1985 Feb OM-120 Lim Ewe Chye Ordinary Member 1985 Feb OM-123 Koh Nghee Kwang Ordinary Member 1985 Jan OM-127 Sanderson John James Ordinary Member 1985 Feb OM-131 Seow Hong Chiow Ordinary Member 1985 Feb OM-132 Lim Geok Beng Ordinary Member 1985 Mar OM-138 Then Sheng Fatt, Rodney Ordinary Member 1985 Jul OM-152 Tarpy Thomas, Jr Ordinary Member 1985 Oct OM-154 Gunawan Slamet Ordinary Member 1985 Dec OM-169 Leng Kwek Min Ordinary Member 1986 Jul OM-174 Wu Siew Li, Magdalene Ordinary Member 1986 Sep OM-180 Chong Jong An, LawrenCe Ordinary Member 1986 Oct OM-183 Tan King Pheow Ordinary Member 1986 Oct OM-199 Loh Albert Ordinary Member 1987 Dec OM-202 Peck Hoe Yue Ordinary Member 1988 Feb OM-204 Liew Jat Yuen, Richard Ordinary Member 1988 May OM-207 Yip Poh Onn Ordinary Member 1988 Jul OM-210 Tan Wai Kim Ordinary Member 1988 Aug OM-217 Cheung Lap Yuen, Bob Ordinary Member 1989 Apr OM-218 Chim Kok Keong Ordinary Member 1989 Mar OM-233 Phua Tai Min Ordinary Member 1989 Aug OM-236 Wong Liang Hwei, Sunny Ordinary Member 1989 Sep OM-237 Chua Chiow Chye Ordinary Member 1989 Sep OM-242 Ng Say Cheong Ordinary Member 1989 Nov OM-244 Tay Yak Hong Ordinary Member 2004 Jan OM-247 Kong Kam Cheong Ordinary Member 1989 Nov OM-252 Shek Kam Chew Ordinary Member 1989 Dec OM-273 Lee Teng Kiat Ordinary Member 1990 Jun OM-276 Lee Yang-Hee Ordinary Member 1990 Aug OM-277 Yeo Guek Neo, Angela Ordinary Member 1990 Aug OM-278 Trimbakeswaran K Ordinary Member 1990 Aug OM-285 Tay Aik Jiun Ordinary Member 1990 Nov OM-288 Tan Kang Hai, Philip Ordinary MemBer 1990 Dec OM-291 Tan Peng Chuan Ordinary Member 1991 Apr OM-301 Chung Khum Phau, Bernard Ordinary Member 1991 Aug OM-306 Wai Hui Ling Ordinary Member 1991 Sep OM-318 Kwang Bee Soon, Richard Ordinary Member 1992 Jan OM-322 Chang Huang Kiang Ordinary Member 1992 Apr OM-328 Chia Wai Mun Ordinary Member 1992 Aug OM-336 Ng Cheng Kiat Ordinary Member 1992 Nov OM-338 Poh Thiam Hoe Ordinary Member 1992 Nov OM-341 Teoh Chee Keong Ordinary Member 1992 Dec OM-346 Tan Hooi Kiat Ordinary Member 1993 Feb 56 Steel News & Notes June September 2010

59 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-349 Ng Swee Tong Ordinary Member 1993 Feb OM-350 Thamrin Tarwie Ordinary Member 1993 Feb OM-351 Lim Chee Kok Ordinary Member 1993 Feb OM-354 Tan Teck Cheng Ordinary Member 1993 Feb OM-357 Ng Liew Sah Ordinary Member 1993 Feb OM-362 Chan Yee Yan Ordinary Member 1993 Mar OM-364 Chan Yee Theng Ordinary Member 1993 Mar OM-366 Yoong Yuen Soo Ordinary Member 1993 May OM-372 Islam Mohd Sirajul Ordinary Member 1993 May OM-373 Tan Kin Wah, Anthony Ordinary Member 1986 Oct OM-377 Tan Chee Hean Ordinary Member 1993 Jul OM-386 Low Hee Keng Ordinary Member 1993 Oct OM-397 Yap Mui Cheng, Serena Ordinary Member 1993 Oct OM-401 Go Yang San Ordinary Member 1994 Jan OM-403 Sito Kok Kee, Simon Ordinary Member 1994 Jan OM-412 Koh Pee Yong Ordinary Member 1994 Apr OM-414 Teng Chiew Yean Ordinary Member 1994 Apr OM-425 Song Siak Keong Ordinary Member 1994 Aug OM-434 Neo Kong Geh Ordinary Member 1994 Nov OM-435 Lauw Su Wee Ordinary Member 1994 Nov OM-438 Kumar Kulandaivelu Muthu Ordinary Member 1995 Jan OM-445 San San Tin Ordinary Member 1995 Mar OM-446 Ng Yiaw Heong Ordinary Member 1995 May OM-457 Moody John A C Ordinary Member 1995 Oct OM-459 Bensily Sonny Ordinary Member 1995 Nov OM-461 Leong Choi Mui Ordinary Member 1996 Jan OM-462 Aung Toe Toe Ordinary Member 1996 Jan OM-467 Ng Kai Sing Ordinary Member 1996 Feb OM-468 Gho Wie Min Ordinary Member 1996 Feb OM-472 Yong Kuan Yau Ordinary Member 1996 Feb OM-473 Sam Ming Tuck Ordinary Member 1996 Mar OM-479 Aung Win Naing Ordinary Member 1996 Mar OM-481 Yip Hoi Wah Ordinary Member 1996 Sep OM-489 Teo Teck Heong Ordinary Member 1997 Jan OM-490 Li Guo Zhong Ordinary Member 1997 Feb OM-491 Chan Yek Seng Ordinary Member 1997 Mar OM-492 Chin Tai Chian, Dennis Ordinary Member 1997 Mar OM-493 Eio Hock Siang Ordinary Member 1997 Apr OM-496 Leong Kit Meng Ordinary Member 2005 May OM-498 Rengasamy Selvaraju Ordinary Member 1997 Jul OM-501 Lim Meng Cheok, Ordinary Member 1997 Sep OM-505 Ho Wan Boon Ordinary Member 1998 Jan OM-506 Lim Teng Han, Richie Ordinary Member 1998 Jan OM-512 Ulaganathan Vickneson Ordinary Member 1998 Jan OM-513 Arun M P Ordinary Member 1998 Jan OM-516 Bay Ah Kee Ordinary Member 1998 Jan OM-518 Loo Lewis Ordinary Member 1998 Feb OM-525 Heng Hwee Ling, Catherine Ordinary Member 1998 Apr OM-526 See Lin Ming Ordinary Member 1998 Apr OM-527 Tui Cheng Hoon, David Ordinary Member 1998 Apr OM-528 Wee Kay Charn Ordinary Member 1998 Apr OM-535 Tham Seng Fee Ordinary Member 1998 Sep OM-536 Lai Chi Kin Ordinary Member 1998 Sep June September 2010 Steel News & Notes 57

60 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-537 Thiew Ming Tuck Ordinary Member 1998 Oct OM-544 Tan Tian Chong Ordinary Member 1999 Mar OM-547 Wong Ngai, Emily Ordinary Member 1999 May OM-549 Sim Siew Geok Ordinary Member 1999 Jul OM-551 Phua Meng Thong Ordinary Member 1999 Jul OM-552 Yap Kwong Ling Ordinary Member 1999 Jul OM-553 Sze Thiam Siong Ordinary Member 1999 Jul OM-558 Tham Chai Lock Ordinary Member 1999 Sep OM-561 Huang Rose Ordinary Member 1999 Sep OM-563 Loh Lee Hiang Ordinary Member 1999 Nov OM-566 Chen Jiming Ordinary Member 1999 Nov OM-570 Daw Tin Tin Aye Ordinary Member 1999 Nov OM-574 Lim Bock Ho Ordinary Member 2000 Jan OM-576 Thng Seng Huat Ordinary Member 2000 Jan OM-584 Foo Cheang Kam Paul Ordinary Member 2000 Jan OM-589 Goh Chin Eng, Gabriel Ordinary Member 2000 May OM-593 Koh Wee Leong Vincent Ordinary Member 2000 Aug OM-594 Foo Thai Yin Ordinary Member 2000 Aug OM-596 Sivakumaran Murugesu Ordinary Member 2000 Aug OM-599 Wong Meng Khoon Ordinary Member 2000 Aug OM-602 Tan Jiok Saw Ordinary Member 2000 Nov OM-604 Teo Geok Seng Ordinary Member 2000 Dec OM-608 Goh Geok Cheong Ordinary Member 2001 May OM-609 Brownjohn James M W Ordinary Member 2001 May OM-610 Chia Wah Kam Ordinary Member 2001 May OM-611 Look Boon Gee Ordinary Member 2001 May OM-612 Foo Loon Joke, Andy Ordinary Member 2001 May OM-613 Lim Chin Keong Ordinary Member 2001 Apr OM-621 Tan Chun Yong Ordinary Member 2001 Jun OM-622 Lee Meng Chiat Ordinary Member 2001 Jul OM-623 Lim Swee Kong Ordinary Member 2001 Jul OM-624 Ng Sun, Robert OrdinAry Member 2001 Aug OM-625 Ong Kim Sze Ordinary Member 2001 Aug OM-627 Chong Tam-Fah Ordinary Member 2001 Nov OM-628 Gwee Geok Lay Ordinary Member 2001 Nov OM-629 Cheong Choon Ghee Ordinary Member 2001 Nov OM-631 Leong Boon Cheng Ordinary Member 2001 Oct OM-632 Yap Ken Kuo, Alan Ordinary Member 2001 Dec OM-633 Chu Wai Tuck Ordinary Member 2001 Dec OM-636 Kaliannan Thanabal Ordinary Member 2002 Mar OM-640 Toh Seng Lee Ordinary Member 2002 Jun OM-641 Liew Vui Lee Ordinary Member 2002 Jun OM-642 Syam Arun Ordinary Member 2002 Jul OM-644 Lee Lai Hong Ordinary Member 2002 Sep OM-648 Sitsabesan Subramaniam Ordinary Member 2002 Nov OM-649 Khialani Ordinary Member 2002 Nov OM-650 Ng Seng Buan Ordinary Member 2002 Oct OM-653 Choo Jun Shyan Ordinary Member 2003 Jan OM-656 Chor How Choon Ordinary Member 2003 Mar OM-658 Huang Yang Nee Ordinary Member 2003 Mar OM-659 Chai Khye Yeien Ordinary Member 2003 Mar OM-660 H Rezai Jorabi Ordinary Member 2003 Mar OM-661 Teoh Hock Guan Ordinary Member 2003 Apr 58 Steel News & Notes June September 2010

61 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-662 Tan Keok Siew Ordinary Member 2003 Apr OM-665 Teo Tit Ngee Ordinary Member 2003 Apr OM-667 Tan Eng Hong Ordinary Member 2003 Jun OM-668 Chng Beng Guan Ordinary Member 2003 Jun OM-669 Meewaddana Ravindra Ordinary Member 2003 Jun OM-670 Luo Xing Hong Ordinary Member 2003 Jul OM-671 Ravindiran Kathaperumal Ordinary Member 2003 Jul OM-673 Lee Hon Leong Ordinary Member 2003 Aug OM-674 Selvanathan J Ordinary Member 2003 Aug OM-675 Cheong Kuan Leong OrdinarY Member 2003 Sep OM-676 Lim Sok Wei, Jessica Ordinary Member 2003 Sep OM-679 Kang Wee Ping Ordinary Member 2003 Nov OM-680 Chua Teck Leng Ordinary Member 2003 Nov OM-681 Teoh Bak Koon Ordinary Member 2003 Nov OM-682 Pang Hou Ling Ordinary Member 2004 Jan OM-683 Xu Chuanxi Ordinary Member 2004 Jan OM-685 Ong Lian Huat Ordinary Member 2004 Jun OM-686 Lau Chee Hoong, Benjamin Ordinary Member 2004 Jun OM-687 Koh Pang Howe Ordinary Member 2004 Jul OM-688 Lim Kok Kim Ordinary Member 2004 Jul OM-690 Ng Peng Yuen Ordinary Member 2004 Nov OM-691 Yong Yeen San, Raymond Ordinary Member 2004 Nov OM-692 Chan Ewe Jin Ordinary Member 2004 Nov OM-694 Chua Kok Seng Ordinary Member 2004 Nov OM-695 Liew Yong Seong Ordinary Member 2004 Nov OM-696 Hatfield Raymond Laurie Ordinary Member 2005 Feb OM-698 Ho Ann Ching Ordinary Member Jun OM-699 Leow Yung Guan Ordinary Member Jun OM-700 Teh Peng Hooi Ordinary Member Jun OM-704 Lee Sebastian Ordinary Member Aug OM-705 Kwek Yong Teck Ordinary Member Spt OM-706 Teh Teck Lai Ordinary Member Oct OM-707 Ho Lien Hwai Ordinary Member Nov OM-709 Hamzah Bin Ali Ordinary Member Dec OM-711 Ong Lay Leng Ordinary Member Jan OM-712 Nge Siew Boon Ordinary Member Feb OM-713 Chong Yoon Hean Ordinary Member Feb OM-714 Soe Tin Ordinary Member Mar OM-715 Chen Yongbiao, Albert Ordinary Member Apr OM-716 Lim Kean Teong, Jason Ordinary Member Apr OM-717 Lee Chee Weye Ordinary Member Apr OM-718 Mohamed Nainar Ahamad Mohideen Ordinary Member Apr OM-719 Ang Lay Seng Ordinary Member Apr OM-721 Yang Ming Cai Ordinary Member Apr OM-723 Lek Jiunn Feng Ordinary Member May OM-724 Tay Thiam Yeow, Titus Ordinary Member May OM-725 Lee Chi King Ordinary Member Jun OM-726 Chua Chiew Seng Ordinary Member Jun OM-727 Sivanadian Annamalai Ordinary Member Jul OM-728 Ramanalingam Nagalingam Ordinary Member Jul OM-730 Soh Meng Seng Ordinary Member Sep OM-731 Pua Teck Seng Ordinary Member Sep June September 2010 Steel News & Notes 59

62 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-732 Foo Peow Gang, Lawrence Ordinary Member Sep OM-733 Cheng Lim Weng Ordinary Member Jan OM-734 Lang Jane Chee, Victor Ordinary Member Jan OM-735 Kathirgamanathan Sivanathan Ordinary Member Jan OM-736 Chua Kiam Seng, Tommy Ordinary Member Mar OM-737 Soh Pui Keet, Melvin Ordinary Member Mar OM-738 Woon Hin Juan Ordinary Member Mar OM-741 Lim Ngia Meng, Joel Ordinary Member Apr OM-743 Tan Kim Tah, Ivan Ordinary Member Apr OM-744 Zhang Xu Ordinary Member Apr OM-745 Lee Kwek Chong Ordinary Member Apr OM-746 Su Yu Hai OrDinary Member Apr OM-747 Kee Ching Guan Ordinary Member Apr OM-748 Liaquat Ally Akhand Ordinary Member May OM-749 Yong Fen Leong Ordinary Member May OM-750 Lim Kuan Pow Ordinary Member May OM-752 Ong Meng Wan Ordinary Member May OM-753 Soe Thein Ordinary Member Jul OM-755 Chng Che Hwa Ordinary Member Jul OM-757 Yow Cheong Hoe Ordinary Member Jul OM-758 Qian Xudong Ordinary MemBer Sep OM-759 Ip Swee Hee, Simon Ordinary Member Sep OM-760 Chin Leong Siong Ordinary Member Sep OM-761 Yan Jintang Ordinary Member Sep OM-762 Sanjeev Jayasinghe Ordinary Member Sep OM-763 Jegatheesan Kailasapillai Ordinary Member Oct OM-765 Woo Kwan Wye Ordinary Member Nov OM-766 Soo Chee Sern Ordinary Member Jan OM-767 Chee Kwong Lai Ordinary Member Jan OM-768 Koh Nya Kheng SeLina Ordinary Member Jan OM-769 Somashekhar Muniyur Ordinary Member Jan OM-770 Eng Chua Ordinary Member Feb OM-771 Tsang Pui Shen Ordinary Member Feb OM-772 Toh Chin Keong Ordinary Member Mar OM-773 Sabaratnam Kuhanesan Ordinary Member Mar OM-775 Ng Gek San Ordinary Member Mar OM-776 Loh Lean Chooi Ordinary Member Mar OM-777 Puah Bee Kiat Ordinary Member Mar OM-778 Foo ShanG Ee, Kenny Ordinary Member Mar OM-779 Chew Wee Kong Ordinary Member Apr OM-780 Kumaravel Udayasurian Ordinary Member Apr OM-781 Ye Htut Thein Ordinary Member Apr OM-782 Piyasanka Krm Ordinary Member Apr OM-783 Lee Eng Ann Ordinary Member Apr OM-785 Voon Kim Loon Ordinary Member May OM-786 Chen Zhiwei Ordinary Member May OM-787 Ang Bee Soon Ordinary Member May OM-788 Ng Soi Nam Ordinary Member May OM-789 Chan Nget Loong Ordinary Member May OM-790 Ho See Ling Ordinary Member May OM-791 Wong Yew Fai Ordinary Member May OM-792 Tang Weng Yew Ordinary Member Jun OM-793 Chan Yew Tong Ordinary Member Jun 60 Steel News & Notes June September 2010

63 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-794 Chia Chun Sian, Aaron Ordinary Member Jun OM-795 Chen Bo, David Ordinary Member Jun OM-796 Soo Yet Chung Ordinary Member Jun OM-797 Liu Rui Qiang OrdInary Member Jun OM-798 He Ze Feng Ordinary Member Jun OM-799 Subramaniyam Arasaratnam Ordinary Member Jun OM-800 Tham Boon Joo Ordinary Member Jun OM-801 Thng Chee Heng Ordinary Member Jul OM-802 Ko Luan Bock Ordinary Member Aug OM-803 Ng Beng Keong Ordinary Member Aug OM-804 Yee Tung Chuan Ordinary Member Aug OM-805 Suah Hin Cheong Ordinary Member Aug OM-806 Murali Nair OrdinAry Member Aug OM-807 Kong Kian Hau Ordinary Member Sep OM-808 Ang Hwie Ling, Melissa Ordinary Member Nov OM-809 Leow Whye Mong Ordinary Member Nov OM-810 U Kar Winn Ordinary Member Nov OM-811 Ong Chung Lim, Alan Ordinary Member Nov OM-812 Hurchurn Toshik Kumar Ordinary Member Nov OM-813 Lim Teik Peng Ordinary Member Jan OM-814 Foo Miaw Hui Ordinary Member Jan OM-815 Tan KinG Heong Ordinary Member Jan OM-816 Loh Yi Hong Ordinary Member Feb OM-817 Ngo See Khee Ordinary Member Feb OM-818 Nyan Hein Ordinary Member Feb OM-819 Tan Cheng Eng Ordinary Member Feb OM-820 Wong Meng Choi Ordinary Member Feb OM-821 Alangarasamy Rajesh Ordinary Member Feb OM-822 Tong Meng Chong Ordinary Member Feb OM-823 Lim Chee Shuang, Jacelyn Ordinary Member Mar OM-824 Liu Jiamin Ordinary Member Mar OM-825 Lim Song Huat Ordinary Member Mar OM-826 Andra Wiedyato Thedy Ordinary Member Feb OM-827 Tan Bryan Ordinary Member Mar OM-828 Chen Yue Feng Ordinary Member Mar OM-829 Chng Chin Huat, Kelvin Ordinary Member Apr OM-830 Khin Latt Ordinary Member Apr OM-831 Tint Lwin Ordinary Member Apr OM-832 Choo Lye Lee, KelvIn Ordinary Member Apr OM-833 Yip Yau Kit, Colin Ordinary Member Apr OM-834 Kyaw Hlaing Soe Ordinary Member Apr OM-835 Ng Swee Tiam Ordinary Member May OM-836 Tan Mung Guan Ordinary Member May OM-837 Liow Bee Leng Ordinary Member May OM-838 Maung Aung Thu Ordinary Member May OM-839 Htay Kyaing Ordinary Member May OM-840 Phooi Keng Loong Ordinary Member May OM-841 Aung Pyi Sone Aye Ordinary Member May OM-842 Tang Ing Hua Ordinary Member May OM-843 Wong Chee Khai Ordinary Member May OM-844 Suresh Al Munusamy Ordinary Member May OM-845 Murugesan N Ordinary Member May OM-846 Chin Tai You Ordinary Member May June September 2010 Steel News & Notes 61

64 Members List MeMmbership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-847 Chan Yat Fan Ordinary Member May OM-848 Hu Ling Chen Ordinary Member May OM-849 Chang Choon Meng Ordinary Member Jun OM-850 Chin Teck Siew Ordinary Member Jun OM-851 Gan Kia Huei Ordinary Member Jun OM-852 Wirama Elmady Ordinary Member Jun OM-853 Loke Siew Quan Ordinary Member Jun OM-854 Goh Tian Seng Ordinary Member Jun OM-855 Ang Boon Leang Ordinary Member Jul OM-856 Ng Shu Wei, Sharron Ordinary Member Jul OM-857 U Myint Maung Ordinary Member Jul OM-858 Tang Hong Chiang Ordinary Member Jul OM-859 Liew Jiing Jiunn OrdInary Member Aug OM-860 Wong Siew Chong Ordinary Member Aug OM-861 Tan Kok Chen Ordinary Member Aug OM-862 Meyyappan Arun Meyyappan Ordinary Member Aug OM-863 Liew Yoke Ming Ordinary Member Aug OM-864 Govindaswamy Ramesh Ordinary Member Aug OM-865 Arulchelvam Jeyalingam Ordinary Member Aug OM-866 Chua Chee Gay Ordinary Member Sep OM-867 Low Oon Hong Ordinary Member Sep OM-868 Tan CHoo Boon, Josh Ordinary Member Sep OM-869 Yoong Shaw Leong Ordinary Member Sep OM-870 Siti Suriah Bte Taib Ordinary Member Sep OM-871 Cheang Joseph Ordinary Member Sep OM-872 Ashvinkumar S/O Kantilal Ordinary Member Sep OM-873 Htin Aung Lynn Ordinary Member Sep OM-874 Nandakumar Koottil Variyam Ordinary Member Sep OM-875 Myint Naing Tun Ordinary Member Oct OM-876 Bong Kee Fui Ordinary Member Oct OM-877 Aye Ko Ko Ordinary Member Oct OM-878 Phuah Phei Guan Ordinary Member Nov OM-879 Wang Yunsheng Ordinary Member Nov OM-880 Yeo Seow Bon Ordinary Member Nov OM-881 Ooi Sim Thung Ordinary Member Nov OM-882 Then Ern Peng Ordinary Member Nov OM-883 Low Huei Siong Ordinary Member Jan OM-884 Cheah Soon Heng, Joshua Ordinary Member Jan OM-885 Ho Poi Hawe Ordinary Member Jan OM-886 Vishnumurthy Araventhan Ordinary Member Jan OM-887 Seetoh Yiyu Ordinary Member Jan OM-888 U Zaw Myo Tun Ordinary Member Jan OM-889 Govindasamy Pillai Sockalingam Pillai Ordinary Member Feb OM-890 U Aung Win Ordinary Member Feb OM-891 Hemmings Simon Paul Ordinary Member Feb OM-892 Chua Wee Koon Ordinary Member Feb OM-893 Chong Yin Onn Ordinary Member Feb OM-894 Chee Chong Fatt OrdInary Member Feb OM-895 Chua Giok Pien Ordinary Member Feb OM-896 Khin Htwe Htwe Swe Ordinary Member Feb OM-897 Saw Thiha Ordinary Member Feb OM-898 Koh Kim Chwan Ordinary Member Feb OM-899 Poh Kim Huat, William Ordinary Member Feb 62 Steel News & Notes June September 2010

65 Members List Membership SName Name Member Grade Year Joined Month OM-900 Thein Soe Ordinary Member Mar OM-901 Sim Gim Leong, Frankie Ordinary Member Mar OM-902 Kuppalagan Rajendran Chezhian Ordinary Member Mar OM-903 Aung Lin Tun Ordinary Member Mar OM 904 Wu Tao Ordinary Member Mar OM 905 Zhang Kuo Ordinary Member Apr OM 906 Leong Wai Hoo Ordinary Member Apr OM 907 Loh Hern Urn Ordinary Member Apr OM 908 Sam Man Keong Ordinary Member Apr OM 909 Yeoh Seok Eng Ordinary Member Apr OM 910 U Khine Ordinary Member May OM 911 Chan Kok Tiong Ordinary Member May OM-912 Baskaran KathirGamathamby Ordinary Member May OM-913 Kandeepan Suthanthiran Ordinary Member May OM-914 Wee Emmanuel John V Ordinary Member May OM-915 Yeap Chee Seng Ordinary Member May OM-916 Tian Jun Ordinary Member May OM-917 Loh Boon Chin Ordinary Member May OM-918 Koh Chi Min, Alvin Ordinary Member May OM-919 Wong Keam Tong Ordinary Member May OM-920 Goh Lip Hoew Ordinary Member Jun OM-921 YonG Woo Ching Ordinary Member Jun OM-922 Liu Angcai Ordinary Member Jun OM-923 Nway Oo Ko Ordinary Member Jun OM-924 Yan Naing Lin Ordinary Member Jun OM-925 Chong Shin Kian Ordinary Member Jun OM-926 Joemer Amen-Amen Castillo Ordinary Member Jun OM-927 Lee Soon Yek Ordinary Member Jun OM-928 Ang Jonathan Ordinary Member Jul OM-929 Ng Wee Seng, Richard Ordinary Member Jul OM-930 U Myint Aung Ordinary Member Jul OM-931 Tan Bee Loke Ordinary Member Jul OM-932 Thangarajah Jeyanthan Ordinary Member Jul OM-933 Siow Tiang Soon, Victor Ordinary Member Jul OM-934 Ganeson S/O Shanmuganathan Ordinary Member Jul OM-935 Tu Zar Zar Aung Ordinary Member Jul OM-936 Heng Eu Chang, Leonard Ordinary Member Aug OM-937 Ong Kwee Siang Ordinary Member Aug OM-938 Yu Yong Hua Ordinary MemBer Aug OM-939 Woon Wee Young Ordinary Member Aug OM-940 Tan Cheow Fong, Charles Ordinary Member Aug OM-941 Wong Yew Keong Ordinary Member Aug OM-942 Koh Jit Chew Ordinary Member Aug OM-943 Soe Soe Oo Ordinary Member Sep OM-944 Ohn Mar Swe Ordinary Member Oct OM-945 Senanayake Rohana Sarath-Kumar Ordinary Member Oct OM-946 Lim Yon Lih Ordinary Member Oct OM-947 Tan Kai Hong Ordinary Member Oct OM-948 Mohamed Jamaldeen Abdul Ordinary Member Oct Muthalif June September 2010 Steel News & Notes 63

66 Singapore Structural Steel APPLICATION Society Singapore Structural FORM Name of Individual or Organization s Address Steel Society CATEGORY (Please tick ) ENTRANCE FEES ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION FEES Member $25 $50 Associate $20 $40 Corporate $100 $1000 Affiliate $50 $500 Tel Fax Website Applicable for Member and Associate Membership Applicable for Corporate and Affiliate Membership Date of Birth Nationality Name of Representative Current Appointment Academic Qualifications Name and Address of Company/Employer Professional Qualifications Details of Organisation s Involvement with Steel Academic Qualifications Professional Qualifications Details of Experience Please make crossed cheque or bank draft payable to Singapore Structural Steel Society Bank Draft /Cheque No Amount DECLARATION Were you a member of SSSS? Yes No (Please tick ) If yes, please furnish: Category Year Admitted Membership No I/We declare the information given in this application is true. If my application is approved, I/we am/are prepared to be bound by the constitution of the Singapore Structural Steel Society. Applicant s Signature Date FOR OFFICIAL USE Application accepted/rejected at the Council Meeting held on Approving Officer s Signature Name Please send the completed application form, entrance and subscription fees to: The Secretariat, Singapore Structural Steel Society, 336-C King George s Avenue, King George s Building, Singapore Tel:

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